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Most Downloaded Articles
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- Fischer Tropsch Synthesis: The Promoter Effects, Operating Conditions, and Reactor Synthesis by Sarkari, Majid/ Fazlollahi, Farhad and Atashi, Hossein
- A Trickle Fixed-Bed Recycle Reactor Model for the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis by Brunner, Kyle M./ Duncan, Joshua C./ Harrison, Luke D./ Pratt, Kyle E./ Peguin, Robson P. S./ Bartholomew, Calvin H. and Hecker, William C.
- A Comprehensive Review of Just Suspended Speed in Liquid-Solid and Gas-Liquid-Solid Stirred Tank Reactors by Jafari, Rouzbeh/ Chaouki, Jamal and Tanguy, Philippe A.
A 3D Model of Combustion in Large-Scale Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers
2Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg, Hartge@tu-harburg.de
3Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg, firstname.lastname@example.org
Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering. Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages –, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: 10.2202/1542-6580.1135, March 2004
- Published Online:
In a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) combustor the reacting solids are locally fed into the combustion chamber. These reactants have to be dispersed across the reactor's cross-sectional area. Since the rate of mixing is limited this leads to a mal-distribution of the reactants and to locally varying reaction conditions. In order to describe the influence of mixing a three-dimensional model of the combustion chamber is suggested. The model is divided into three sub-topics. First, the flow structure in terms of local gas and solids velocities and solids volume concentrations is described. Second, mixing of the solids and the gas phase is quantified by defining dispersion coefficients, and finally the combustion process itself, i.e. the reaction kinetics, is modelled. The model was validated against data from measurements in the large-scale combustor of Chalmers University of Technology in Göteborg/Sweden. Insufficient fuel mixing generated mal-distributions of locally released volatiles, which were the basis for the uneven reactants distribution at steady-state. In the case of two-stage operation, the injected secondary air did not reach immediately the reactor's center but was slowly mixed with the main gas flow. The concentration gradients hardly vanish before the exit of the combustion chamber.