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Der Islam

Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East

Ed. by Heidemann, Stefan / Hagen, Gottfried / Kaplony, Andreas / Matthee, Rudi

2 Issues per year

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 0.189
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 0.579
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2014: 0.105



Early Versions of the shahāda: A Tombstone from Aswan of 71 A.H., the Dome of the Rock, and Contemporary Coinage

1University of Washington (Seattle)

2Cairo University

Citation Information: Der Islam. Volume 89, Issue 1-2, Pages 60–69, ISSN (Online) 1613-0928, ISSN (Print) 0021-1818, DOI: 10.1515/islam-2012-0003, November 2012

Publication History

Published Online:

Abstract: The article investigates the earliest appearance of a group of words which are identified in the literature as the shahāda but are rarely defined on the assumption that everyone knows what the shahāda is. The basic argument is that there was more than one version of the shahāda circulating in the Islamic world at the beginning of the eighth decade A.H./690s C.E. and that scholars need to define which version they mean when using the term “shahāda” for this early period. Evidence for the argument includes data from stelae from Aswan to the Fatimid era, the Dome of the Rock and early Muslim coinage.

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