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Acta Geophysica

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The spatial organisation of time-averaged streamwise velocity and its correlation with the surface topography of water-worked gravel beds

1Department of Geography, University of Hull, Hull, UK

2School of Engineering, Design and Technology, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK

© 2008 Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Acta Geophysica. Volume 56, Issue 3, Pages 614–641, ISSN (Online) 1895-7455, ISSN (Print) 1895-6572, DOI: 10.2478/s11600-008-0023-0, July 2008

Publication History

Published Online:


An examination was made into the spatial pattern of time-averaged streamwise velocity in the near-bed region over two water-worked gravel beds. Laboratory observations revealed that there is considerable spatial variability in velocity. It was organised into streamwise streaks of high-speed fluid which were overlain by spots of low-speed fluid. This spatial pattern was found to be consistently and heavily dependent on relative submergence. The spatial pattern of velocity was shown to have little linear coherence with bed surface topography at the grain-scale. It suggested that for flows above the two beds studied here, bed surface topography at the grain-scale exerted less of an influence on the spatial organisation of time-averaged streamwise velocities than relative submergence.

Keywords: streamwise velocity; spatial organisation; water-worked gravel beds; bed surface topography; laboratory flume

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