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The Journal of Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health

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The Eye - a Neglected Organ in Environmental and Occupational Medicine: An Overview of Known Environmental and Occupational Non-Traumatic Effects on the Eyes

Elena Rozanova1 / Peter Heilig1 / Jasminka Godnić-Cvar1

Eye Clinic1

Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna2

Department of Occupational Medicine, Clinic of Internal Medicine II, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria3

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Volume 60, Issue 2, Pages 205–215, ISSN (Print) 0004-1254, DOI: 10.2478/10004-1254-60-2009-1869, July 2009

Publication History

Published Online:
2009-07-06

The Eye - a Neglected Organ in Environmental and Occupational Medicine: An Overview of Known Environmental and Occupational Non-Traumatic Effects on the Eyes

The objective of this study was to give an overview of the known literature data on the influence of environmental and occupational factors on the eye. Sixty-six articles were selected by searching Medline and PubMed databases using the following key words in different combinations: occupational and environmental factors, dry eye syndrome, cataract, retinal vascular changes.

Most of the studies dealt with conditions on the eye surface and used eye discomfort syndrome and dry eye syndrome to outline the effects of air pollutants. Some reported increased frequency of lens opacities due to indoor fuel exposure, in particular biofuel, and negative effects of styrene exposure on colour vision. Investigations of retinal vascular changes and retinopathy after chronic exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) and of retinal and choroidal haemodynamics after exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) found that CS2 caused an increase in retinal venous diameters and CO caused an increase in arterial and venous diameters, retinal blood flow velocity, and fundus pulsation amplitude. This article also discusses the influence of light exposure on retinal damage. It shows that very little information is available about the influence of environmental and occupational factors on the eye, and retina and retinal vessels in particular.

Oko - zapostavljeni organ u medicini rada: literaturni pregled poznatih efekata okolišnih i radnih onecišcenja na oko

Keywords: cataract; dry eye syndrome; occupational and environmental factors; retinal vascular changes

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