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Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology

The Journal of Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health

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The Influence of Tobacco Blend Composition on Carbon Monoxide Formation in Mainstream Cigarette Smoke

Nermina Djulančić1 / Vesna Radojičić2 / Marija Srbinovska3

1University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

2University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade - Zemun, Republic of Serbia

3University St. Kliment Ohridski – Bitola, Scientific Tobacco Institute – Prilep, Macedonia

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Volume 64, Issue 1, Pages 107–113, ISSN (Print) 0004-1254, DOI: 10.2478/10004-1254-64-2013-2250, March 2013

Publication History

Published Online:
2013-03-26

The aim of this study was to examine the impact of three main tobacco types (flue-cured FC, air-cured AC and sun-cured SC) and two tobacco-based materials (reconstituted tobacco - recon RT and expanded stem) on the formation of carbon monoxide (CO) in the gas phase of mainstream cigarette smoke. The results showed that the type of tobacco examined had a significant impact on the amount of carbon monoxide production in the gas phase of cigarette smoke. AC and SC tobaccos had the most evident impact. The amount of tobacco in mixtures M1, M2 and M3 as well as the addition of expanded stems had an impact on the amount of CO formed in the cigarette smoke. There is weak correlation between CO content in the smoke and the chemical composition of the tobacco. Draw resistance had an impact on CO production. The research results are of great importance, since tobacco selection is the first step in the production of cigarettes with reduced emission of harmful elements contained in the smoke.

Keywords : AC tobacco; CO; expanded stem; FC tobacco; gas phase of tobacco smoke; recon (RT); SC tobacco

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