Efficient online handwritten Chinese character recognition system using a two-dimensional functional relationship model : International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

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International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

Journal of University of Zielona Gora and Lubuskie Scientific Society


IMPACT FACTOR 2014: 1.227
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.284
Rank 64 out of 255 in category Applied Mathematics in the 2014 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 1.011
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 1.735
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2014: 1.515

Mathematical Citation Quotient (MCQ) 2014: 0.10

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Efficient online handwritten Chinese character recognition system using a two-dimensional functional relationship model

Yun Chang1 / Jia Lee1 / Omar Rijal1 / Syed Bakar1

Department of Mathematical and Actuarial Sciences, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia1

Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia2

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Malaysia3

This content is open access.

Citation Information: International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science. Volume 20, Issue 4, Pages 727–738, ISSN (Print) 1641-876X, DOI: 10.2478/v10006-010-0055-x, December 2010

Publication History

Published Online:
2010-12-20

Efficient online handwritten Chinese character recognition system using a two-dimensional functional relationship model

This paper presents novel feature extraction and classification methods for online handwritten Chinese character recognition (HCCR). The X-graph and Y-graph transformation is proposed for deriving a feature, which shows useful properties such as invariance to different writing styles. Central to the proposed method is the idea of capturing the geometrical and topological information from the trajectory of the handwritten character using the X-graph and the Y-graph. For feature size reduction, the Haar wavelet transformation was applied on the graphs. For classification, the coefficient of determination (R2p) from the two-dimensional unreplicated linear functional relationship model is proposed as a similarity measure. The proposed methods show strong discrimination power when handling problems related to size, position and slant variation, stroke shape deformation, close resemblance of characters, and non-normalization. The proposed recognition system is applied to a database with 3000 frequently used Chinese characters, yielding a high recognition rate of 97.4% with reduced processing time of 75.31%, 73.05%, 58.27% and 40.69% when compared with recognition systems using the city block distance with deviation (CBDD), the minimum distance (MD), the compound Mahalanobis function (CMF) and the modified quadratic discriminant function (MQDF), respectively. High precision rates were also achieved.

Keywords: 2D functional classifier; coefficient of determination; handwritten Chinese character recognition; Haar wavelet; multidimensional functional relationship model

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