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Archives of Polish Fisheries

The Journal of Stanislaw Sakowicz Inland Fisheries Institute

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Controlled reproduction of pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.): a review

Zdzisław Zakęś1 / Krystyna Demska-Zakęś1

Department of Aquaculture, The Stanisław Sakowicz Inland Fisheries Institute, Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 10, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland1

Department of Ichthyology, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland2

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Archives of Polish Fisheries. Volume 17, Issue 4, Pages 153–170, ISSN (Online) 2083-6139, ISSN (Print) 1230-6428, DOI: 10.2478/v10086-009-0014-z, February 2010

Publication History

Published Online:
2010-02-11

Controlled reproduction of pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.): a review

Mastering techniques for conducting the controlled reproduction of a given fish species, the procedures for performing hormonal stimulation, and the choice of the appropriate hormonal preparation and dosage all have a significant impact on the effectiveness of spawning, and, in turn, on the quantity of stocking material produced. This paper presents reproduction techniques for pikeperch, one of the most economically valuable species of freshwater European fish. The methods discussed include cage spawning, the artificial reproduction of wild fish (obtained from the natural environment), and out-of-season spawning. The principles of stimulating spawning with either photothermal or hormonal methods are also described. It is demonstrated that using in vivo methods for determining the maturation stage of oocytes and hormonal stimulation (especially in less mature females) permits increasing cage and artificial spawning of wild fish. Among the hormones and hormonal preparations tested to date in the artificial spawning of pikeperch (gonadotropins (GtH), gonadoliberins (GnRH), and synthetic analogues (GnRHa)), the most effective have been carp pituitary extract (CPE) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). This paper also presents the most recent techniques used in the production of pikeperch stocking material.

Kontrolowany rozród sandacza Sander lucioperca (L.) - artykuł przeglądowy

W pracy podsumowano najważniejsze osiągnięcia dotyczące kontrolowanego rozrodu sandacza, jednego z najcenniejszych gospodarczo i ekologicznie europejskich gatunków ryb słodkowodnych. Zawarto informacje na temat tarła sadzowego, sztucznego tarła ryb dzikich (pozyskanych ze środowiska naturalnego) i tzw. tarła pozasezonowego tego gatunku. Opisano metody i zasady przeprowadzania stymulacji tarła - fototermiczej i/lub hormonalnej. Wykazano, że zastosowanie metody przyżyciowego określania stadiów dojrzałości oocytów (fot. 1 i 2) i stymulacji hormonalnej, szczególnie w przypadku mniej dojrzałych samic, pozwala na istotne zwiększenie efektywności (odsetek owulujących samic) tarła sadzowego i sztucznego oraz zsynchronizowanie akcji tarłowej. Spośród testowanych do tej pory hormonów i preparatów hormonalnych (gonadotropiny (GtH), gonadoliberyny (GnRH) i ich syntetyczne analogi (GnRHa)), we wszystkich ww. metodach rozrodu sandacza, najbardziej skuteczne okazały się GtH - homogenat przysadki mózgowej karpia (CPE) i ludzka gonadotropina kosmówkowa (hCG) (tabela 1 i 2). Praca zawiera również najnowsze informacje na temat krótkoterminowego przechowywania nasienia, odklejania i inkubacji ikry sandacza.

Keywords: pikeperch; cage spawning; artificial reproduction; out-of-season spawning; hormonal stimulation

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