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Anaerobic Digestion of Waste Water from Hydrothermal Carbonization of Corn Silage

1 / Jan Mumme2

1Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering Potsdam-Bornim, Max-Eyth-Allee 100, 14469 Potsdam, Germany / Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany

2Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering Potsdam-Bornim, Max-Eyth-Allee 100, 14469 Potsdam, Germany

© 2013 Benjamin Wirth, Jan Mumme. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Applied Bioenergy. Volume 1, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2300-3553 , DOI: 10.2478/apbi-2013-0001, November 2013

Publication History

Received:
2013-07-18
Accepted:
2013-10-23
Published Online:
2013-11-15

Abstract

This experimental work investigates anaerobic digestion of waste water from hydrothermal carbonization of maize silage comparing a continuously stirred-tank reactor (CSTR) and an anaerobic filter (AF). Both reactors were operated for 91 days at a constant organic loading rate of 1 gCOD L-1 d-1. During the first five weeks of operation both reactors showed a removal efficiency of the chemical oxygen demand of up to 80 % and a methane production rate of up to 0.25 L L-1 d-1. Consecutively lower degradation rates were assumed to be caused by a significant lack of sulfur and phosphorus due to a precipitation by ferrous iron. Over the whole time the AF proved to be more stable. Very small concentrations of phenol compounds contained in the waste water were nevertheless degraded by up to 80 %.

Keywords : Hydrothermal carbonization; Anaerobic digestion; Waste water treatment; Biogas; Phenols

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