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Business and Politics

Editor-in-Chief: Aggarwal, Vinod K.

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Direct Targeting as an NGO Political Strategy: Examining Private Authority Regimes in the Forestry Sector

Erika N. Sasser1 / Aseem Prakash2 / Benjamin Cashore3 / Graeme Auld4

1Environmental Protection Agency

2University of Washington, Seattle

3Yale University

4Yale University

Citation Information: Business and Politics. Volume 8, Issue 3, ISSN (Online) 1469-3569, DOI: 10.2202/1469-3569.1163, December 2006

Publication History

Published Online:
2006-12-22

In recent years, International Political Economy literature on "politics beyond state" has emphasized the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in broader policy processes, both national and international. In addition to their impact on states, NGOs influence the policies of non-state actors such as firms via public and private politics. Dissatisfied with the progress firms have made in response to public regulation, NGOs have sponsored private authority regimes in several issue areas and pushed firms to participate in them. Across the world, the contest between NGOs and firms has provoked substantial behavioral and programmatic change—including widespread participation in these private authority regimes—among firms seeking to escape NGO pressures. Using firm-level data, this paper examines why direct targeting has not led firms in the U.S. forest products sector to participate in an NGO-sponsored private authority regime, the Forest Stewardship Council. This global regime has been adopted widely in Europe, but U.S.-based forestry firms have tended to favor a domestic industry-sponsored regime, the Sustainable Forestry Initiative. Our analysis suggests that the desire of firms to maintain control over their institutional environment in light of hostile relations with NGOs has led US-based firms to favor the Sustainable Forestry Initiative.

Keywords: NGOs; voluntary programs; forestry

Citing Articles

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[1]
Javier Godar, U. Martin Persson, E. Jorge Tizado, and Patrick Meyfroidt
Ecological Economics, 2015, Volume 112, Page 25
[3]
Errol Meidinger
European Journal of Forest Research, 2011, Volume 130, Number 3, Page 407
[4]
Lasse Folke Henriksen
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[8]
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[9]
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[10]
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[11]
Jimmy Donaghey, Juliane Reinecke, Christina Niforou, and Benn Lawson
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[12]
Michael John Bloomfield
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[14]
Norbert Weber
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[16]
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[17]
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[19]
David P. Baron
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Ian G. Baird and Noah Quastel
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Policy Studies Journal, 2007, Volume 35, Number 4, Page 773
[22]
Erin M. Reid and Michael W. Toffel
Strategic Management Journal, 2009, Volume 30, Number 11, Page 1157
[23]
Graeme Auld, Lars H. Gulbrandsen, and Constance L. McDermott
Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2008, Volume 33, Number 1, Page 187
[24]
Kelly Kollman
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[25]
Steven Bernstein and Benjamin Cashore
Regulation & Governance, 2007, Volume 1, Number 4, Page 347
[26]
Erica Johnson and Aseem Prakash
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[27]
Benjamin Cashore, Graeme Auld, Steven Bernstein, and Constance McDermott
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