Business advocacy in Asian PTAs: a model of selective corporate lobbying with evidence from Japan : Business and Politics

www.degruyter.com uses cookies, tags, and tracking settings to store information that help give you the very best browsing experience.
To understand more about cookies, tags, and tracking, see our Privacy Statement
I accept all cookies for the De Gruyter Online site

Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Business and Politics

Editor-in-Chief: Aggarwal, Vinod K.


SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 0.507
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 0.558

VolumeIssuePage

Issues

30,00 € / $42.00 / £23.00

Get Access to Full Text

Business advocacy in Asian PTAs: a model of selective corporate lobbying with evidence from Japan

1The Brookings Institution and American University, Washington, DC, USA

Corresponding author: Mireya Solís, The Brookings Institution and American University, Washington, DC, USA

Citation Information: Business and Politics. Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 87–116, ISSN (Online) 1469-3569, ISSN (Print) 1369-5258, DOI: 10.1515/bap-2012-0045, March 2013

Publication History

Published Online:
2013-03-15

Abstract

What explains the pattern of selective business interest in preferential trade agreements (PTAs) with active campaigning for and utilization of tariff preferences for some trade agreements, but not others? Under what conditions can business advocates of PTA policy mount an effective lobbying campaign to influence policy outcomes (i.e., shaping decisions on who to negotiate with and what to negotiate about)? These are important questions given that analyses of Asian PTAs frequently assign a negligible role to business interests either out of apathy or lobbying weakness. To understand the pattern of selective business lobbying for PTAs, I develop a theoretical model with three main independent variables: venue selection, preference intensity, and advocacy effectiveness, and apply it to the case of Japan to test its usefulness. My model shows that the conditions for effective business PTA campaigning are exacting: loss avoidance, high technical expertise, and influence-seeking strategies that maximize access opportunities given institutional constraints. And yet when these factors align, business interests do influence PTA outcomes. My research shows that the current trend to characterize the agency of PTA proliferation as either state-led or business-driven needs to be re-examined as it is more useful to think about state-society constellations in favor or against PTAs.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.