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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board Member: Buchner, Johannes / Ludwig, Stephan / Sies, Helmut / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

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Mig-6 Is a Negative Regulator of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Signal

Peter Oliver Hackel / Mikhail Gishizky / Axel Ullrich

Citation Information: Biological Chemistry. Volume 382, Issue 12, Pages 1649–1662, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: 10.1515/BC.2001.200, June 2005

Publication History

Published Online:
2005-06-01

Abstract

In contrast to signal generation and transmission, the mechanisms and molecules that negatively regulate receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling are poorly understood. Here we characterize Mig-6 as a novel negative feedback regulator of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and potential tumor suppressor. Mig-6 was identified in a yeast twohybrid screen with the kinase active domain of the EGFR as bait. Upon EGF stimulation Mig-6 binds to the EGFR involving a highly acidic region between amino acids 985 995. This interaction is kinase activitydependent, but independent of tyrosine 992. Mig-6 overexpression results in reduced activation of the mitogenactivated protein kinase ERK2 in response to EGF, but not FGF or PDGF, stimulation and in enhanced receptor internalization without affecting the rate of degradation. The induction of Mig-6 mRNA expression in response to EGF, but not FGF, indicates the existence of a negative regulatory feedback loop. Consistent with these findings, a possible role as tumor suppressor is indicated by Mig-6-mediated inhibition of EGFR overexpressioninduced transformation of Rat1 cells.

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