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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board Member: Buchner, Johannes / Ludwig, Stephan / Sies, Helmut / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

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The Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptor in the Regulation of the Actin Cytoskeleton and Cell Motility

Lars Kjøller

Citation Information: Biological Chemistry. Volume 383, Issue 1, Pages 5–19, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: 10.1515/BC.2002.002, June 2005

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Cell migration is a complex process requiring tight control of several mechanisms including dynamic reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and adhesion to the extracellular matrix. The GPIanchored urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) has an important role in the regulation of cell motility in many cell types. This is partly due to the localization of proteolytic activity on the cell surface by binding of the serine protease uPA. Results accumulated over the last decade suggest that uPAR is also involved in motility control through other mechanisms. These include induction of signal transduction events after ligation with uPA, binding to the extracellular matrix molecule vitronectin (VN), and association with integrins and other transmembrane partners. In this review these mechanisms will be discussed with a special emphasis on how the GPIlinked receptor transmits signals to the intracellular milieu and how uPAR participates in the regulation of actin cytoskeleton reorganization and cell adhesion during cell migration.

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