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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board Member: Buchner, Johannes / Ludwig, Stephan / Sies, Helmut / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

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Selective Release of Calpain Produced αII-Spectrin (α-Fodrin) Breakdown Products by Acute Neuronal Cell Death

Satavisha Dutta / Yuk Chun Chiu / Albert W. Probert / Kevin K.W. Wang

Citation Information: Biological Chemistry. Volume 383, Issue 5, Pages 785–791, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: 10.1515/BC.2002.082, June 2005

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Activation of calpain results in the breakdown of α II spectrin (αfodrin), a neuronal cytoskeleton protein, which has previously been detected in various in vitro and in vivo neuronal injury models. In this study, a 150 kDa spectrin breakdown product (SBDP150) was found to be released into the cellconditioned media from SHSY5Y cells treated with the calcium channel opener maitotoxin (MTX). SBDP150 release can be readily quantified on immunoblot using an SBDP150- specific polyclonal antibody. Increase of SBDP150 also correlated with cell death in a timedependent manner. MDL28170, a selective calpain inhibitor, was the only protease inhibitor tested that significantly reduced MTXinduced SBDP150 release. The cellconditioned media of cerebellar granule neurons challenged with excitotoxins (NMDA and kainate) also exhibited a significant increase of SBDP150 that was attenuated by pretreatment with an NMDA receptor antagonist, R()-3-(2-carbopiperazine-4-yl)propyl-1- phosphonic acid (CPP), and MDL28170. In addition, hypoxic/hypoglycemic challenge of cerebrocortical cultures also resulted in SBDP150 liberation into the media. These results support the theory that an antibody based detection of SBDP150 in the cellconditioned media can be utilized to quantify injury to neural cells. Furthermore, SBDP150 may potentially be used as a surrogate biomarker for acute neuronal injury in clinical settings.

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