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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board Member: Buchner, Johannes / Ludwig, Stephan / Sies, Helmut / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

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Caspase-containing complexes in the regulation of cell death and inflammation

Nele Festjens1 / Sigrid Cornelis2 / Mohamed Lamkanfi3 / Peter Vandenabeele4

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Corresponding author

Citation Information: Biological Chemistry. Volume 387, Issue 8, Pages 1005–1016, ISSN (Online) 1437-4315, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: 10.1515/BC.2006.124, August 2006

Publication History

Published Online:
2006-08-09

Abstract

Caspases are a family of cysteine proteases that are essential in the initiation and execution of apoptosis and the proteolytic maturation of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β and IL-18. Caspases can be subdivided into those that have a large prodomain and those that have not. In general, apoptotic and inflammatory signalling pathways are initiated when large-prodomain caspases are recruited to large protein complexes via homotypic interactions involving death domain folds. The formation of these specialised multimeric platforms involves three major functions: (1) the sensing of cellular stress, damage, infection or inflammation; (2) multimerisation of the platform; and (3) recruitment and conformational activation of caspases. In this overview we discuss the complexes implicated in the regulation of cell death and inflammatory processes such as the death-inducing signalling complex (DISC), the apoptosome, the inflammasomes and the PIDDosome. We describe their sensing functions, compositions and functional outcomes. Inhibitory protein families such as FLIPs and CARD-only proteins prevent the recruitment of caspases in these sensing complexes, avoiding inappropriate initiation of cell death or inflammation.

Keywords: apoptosome; death domain fold; DISC; inflammasome; PIDDosome

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