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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board Member: Buchner, Johannes / Ludwig, Stephan / Sies, Helmut / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

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Emerging roles of mitochondrial membrane dynamics in health and disease

Anja Schäfer1 / Andreas S. Reichert1

1CEF Makromolekulare Komplexe, Mitochondriale Biologie, Fachbereich Medizin, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, D-60590 Frankfurt/Main, Germany

Corresponding author

Citation Information: Biological Chemistry. Volume 390, Issue 8, Pages 707–715, ISSN (Online) 1437-4315, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: 10.1515/BC.2009.086, May 2009

Publication History

Received:
2009-02-09
Accepted:
2009-04-25
Published Online:
2009-05-20

Abstract

Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles forming a tubular network that is sustained by fusion and fission events. Impairment thereof leads to various neuropathies in humans, such as optic atrophy and Parkinson's disease. We have only begun to understand the molecular machineries facilitating fusion and fission of mitochondria and how these processes are regulated. The physiological role of mitochondrial dynamics and how it may be involved in maintaining mitochondrial functionality is still unclear. Here, we discuss current views in this emerging field focusing on the molecular basis of how mitochondrial morphology is regulated and how this may contribute to mitochondrial quality control.

Keywords: aging; Mgm1; mitochondria; morphology; neuropathy; OPA1

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