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The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Jürges, Hendrik / Ludwig, Sandra

Ed. by Auriol , Emmanuelle / Brunner, Johann / Fleck, Robert / Friebel, Guido / Mendola, Mariapia / Requate, Till / Tsui, Kevin / Wichardt, Philipp / Zulehner, Christine

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Consumption Mobility in the United States: Evidence from Two Panel Data Sets

Jonathan D Fisher1 / David S Johnson2

1Litigation Analytics, Inc.,

2U.S. Census Bureau,

Citation Information: Topics in Economic Analysis & Policy. Volume 6, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1538-0653, DOI: 10.2202/1538-0653.1474, September 2006

Publication History

Published Online:


This paper examines inequality and mobility using measures of income and consumption. Consumption is claimed to be a better measure of permanent income and thus well-being, but most studies of inequality and mobility using U.S. data use income.This paper uses cohort data from the Consumer Expenditure Surveys on total consumption to impute consumption in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Then, we use this imputed consumption and actual income from the PSID to examine changes in inequality and mobility. Similar to earlier findings, we show that there has been a large increase in income inequality but no concurrent increase in consumption inequality in the 1990s. Conversely, income mobility and consumption mobility are similar during this time period.Finally, we link the concepts of inequality and mobility using a social welfare function. The results suggest that income mobility and consumption mobility more than offset the increases in inequality.

Keywords: consumption; mobility; inequality; income; imputation

Citing Articles

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Kartik Athreya, Xuan S. Tam, and Eric R. Young
Journal of Monetary Economics, 2009, Volume 56, Number 1, Page 83
Jonathan Fisher, David S. Johnson, and Timothy M. Smeeding
Review of Income and Wealth, 2014, Page n/a

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