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The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics

Editor-in-Chief: Abraham, Arpad / Cavalcanti, Tiago

Ed. by Carceles-Poveda , Eva / Kambourov, Gueorgui / Lambertini, Luisa / Ruhl, Kim / Tavares, Jose

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Product Prices and the OECD Cycle

Aart Kraay1 / Jaume Ventura2

1The World Bank,

2MIT,

Citation Information: Advances in Macroeconomics. Volume 2, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1534-6013, DOI: 10.2202/1534-6013.1030, April 2002

Publication History

Published Online:
2002-04-11

It is well known that business cycles in OECD countries exhibit a remarkable degree of synchronization. Much less known is that the peak of the OECD cycle is associated with high prices of labour-intensive products and low prices of capital-intensive ones. We document this cyclical behavior of product prices and argue that it offers an important clue as to why business cycles are so synchronized. Positive shocks in one or more countries raise the prices of labour-intensive products and, as a result, the demand for labour throughout the industrialized world. This generates increases in wages, employment and output in all industrial countries. Through this channel, shocks are positively transmitted across countries, creating a force towards the synchronization of business cycles.

Keywords: International business cycles; transmission of shocks; cyclical behavior of prices

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