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Most Downloaded Articles
- Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus the Housing Market by Case, Karl E./ Quigley, John M. and Shiller, Robert J.
- Employment by age, education, and economic growth: effects of fiscal policy composition in general equilibrium by Heylen, Freddy and Van de Kerckhove, Renaat
- The Effects of the Great Recession on Central Bank Doctrine and Practice by Bernanke, Ben S.
- Dynamics of Wealth and Consumption: New and Improved Measures for U.S. States by Zhou, Xia and Carroll, Christopher D.
Bank Lending with Imperfect Competition and Spillover Effects
Citation Information: Topics in Macroeconomics. Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 1–30, ISSN (Online) 1534-5998, DOI: 10.2202/1534-5998.1452, July 2006
- Published Online:
We examine bank lending decisions in an economy with spillover effects in the creation of new investment opportunities and asymmetric information in credit markets. We examine price-setting equilibria with horizontally differentiated banks. If bank lending takes place under a weak corporate governance mechanism and is fraught with agency problems and ineffective bank monitoring, then an equilibrium emerges in which loan supply is strategically restricted. In this equilibrium, the loan restriction, the "under-lending" strategy, provides an advantage to one bank by increasing its market share and sustaining monopoly interest rates. The bank's incentives for doing so increase under conditions of increased volatility of lending capacities of banks, more severe borrower-side moral hazard, and lower returns on the investment projects. Although this equilibrium is not always unique, with poor bank monitoring and corporate governance, a more intense banking competition renders the bad equilibrium the unique outcome.