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formerly Central European Journal of Biology

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Species diversity of keratinophilic fungi in various soil types

1Department of Environmental Microbiology, Laboratory of Mycology, University of Life Sciences, 20-069, Lublin, Poland

© 2012 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Open Life Sciences. Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 259–266, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: 10.2478/s11535-012-0008-5, February 2012

Publication History

Published Online:
2012-02-10

Abstract

Keratinophilic fungi are a highly specialized, keratin-degrading ecological group. They live in natural environments, mostly in the keratinrich remains of dead animal in the soil. We investigated species diversity in four types of soils with different physico-chemical properties. The strain material was identified based on morphological characters. Different representatives of Chrysosporium and geophilic dermatophytes dominated depending on soil pH. Geophilic dermatophytes were represented by one species, Trichophyton ajelloi, and the Chrysosporium group was represented by Chrysosporium keratinophilum. The frequency of Trichophyton ajelloi increased with an increase in pH, and it reached the maximum in strongly acidic soil (podzol), unlike the Chrysosporium group. The frequency of Chrysosporium keratinophilum was positively correlated with the content of humus, nitrogen, CaCO3 and phosphorus in the soils.

Keywords: Soils; Geophilic dermatophytes; Chrysosporium; Trichophyton ajelloi

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