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Effect of environmental conditions and water status on the bioactive compounds of broccoli

1172Institute of Horticultural Technology, Szent István University, H-2100, Gödöllő, Hungary

2172RET Regional Science Center, Szent István University, H-2100, Gödöllő, Hungary

3172Central Food Research Institute, H-1022, Budapest, Hungary

© 2013 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Open Life Sciences. Volume 8, Issue 8, Pages 777–787, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: 10.2478/s11535-013-0172-7, May 2013

Publication History

Published Online:
2013-05-22

Abstract

Four experiments were carried out in 2010 and 2011 to determine how cultivation period (spring or autumn), harvest season (summer or autumn), and plant water status (irrigated or rainfed) influenced content and composition of broccoli cultivar Parthenon F1 with respect to sulforaphane and phenolics under field conditions in Gödöllő, Hungary. Sulforaphane content was significantly higher in the autumn harvests, regardless of irrigation treatments. Harvest season also influenced total phenolics content, with the highest values occurring in the spring season. Harvest season also affected trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and this capacity was also the greatest in spring. Caffeic acid glucoside was a major phenolics component in both spring and autumn season harvests. The season and irrigation related changes in other phenolic component contents were also characterised in this study.

Keywords: Brassica oleracea convar. botrytis var. italica; Phenolics; Sulforaphane; TEAC; Irrigation

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