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Biological Letters

The Journal of Adam Mickiewicz University, Faculty of Biology; Poznan Society for the Advancement of the Arts and Sciences

DE GRUYTER OPEN

Open Access

    Open Access
    Online
    ISSN
    1734-7467
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    Overview

    Printed version of Biological Letters is the primary version.

    • The BL is a peer-reviewed semiannually journal in English.
    • It is published in Poznań, Poland, jointly by the Poznań Society for the Advancement of the Arts and Sciences, and the Adam Mickiewicz University (AMU).
    • It covers a wide spectrum of biological disciplines, including animal science and zoology, general biochemistry, botany, and ecology. We also encourage submission of manuscripts related to conservation biology and wildlife management.

    Aims and Scope

    Why subscribe and read

    • The journal Biological Letters has a long tradition of publishing papers on all topics related to biology,
    • The BL welcomes submission of original articles, review articles, short communications, and proceedings of international conferences.

    Why submit

    • There are no page charges.
    • The BL is published both in print and in open-access electronic format.

    Details

    DE GRUYTER OPEN
    Language:
    English
    Type of Publication:
    Journal

    Submission of Manuscripts

    Instructions for Authors

    General information

    The semiannual journal Biological Letters is published in English and includes papers on all topics related to biology. It appears both in print and in open-access electronic format. We welcome submission of original articles, review articles, short communications, and proceedings of international conferences. Before submission, authors are strongly encouraged to follow the helpful "EASE Guidelines for Authors and Translators", which are freely available as PDFs in many languages at http://www.ease.org.uk/guidelines/index.shtml.
    All papers must be in English. Authors whose native language is not English are encouraged to have their manuscripts read by a native English-speaking colleague before submission. The manuscript should be double-spaced, with at least 3-cm left margin. It should not exceed 25 typed pages (including references, figures, and tables). The manuscript should be divided into the following sections:
    1. Title page
    1.1. Title
    1.2. Complete name(s) of author(s)
    1.3. Affiliation
    1.4. Corresponding author
    1.5. Received/Accepted dates
    1.6. Running title
    2. Abstract
    3. Keywords
    4. Introduction
    5. Material and methods
    6. Results
    7. Conclusions
    8. Acknowledgements
    9. References
    10. Figure captions
    11. Figures
    12. Tables

    Title page

    Title should be concise (see description of the article style).
    Author(s) and affiliation. Give full forenames and surnames of author(s), affiliations and full postal address (without phone and fax numbers). Give the forename and surname of the corresponding author below affiliations. In the line below the corresponding author name and e-mail, add ‘(Received on… )’.
    Running title. Please provide a running title of no more than 60 characters (including spaces).
    Abstract should be informative, i.e. should specify the objective, methods, and most important findings and conclusions of your paper. It should be limited to 250 words and should not contain literature citations or allusions to tables or figures.
    Keywords. Avoid using words from the title as keywords.

    Species names

    International scientific names of all species used in the study (including authorship and year) must be supplied. Only the names of taxa lower than subfamily should be in italics. Zoological nomenclature must be in agreement with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (4th edition 1999), which came into force on 1 January 2000. Author(s) of species names must be provided only at the first mention of each scientific name (the year of publication needs not be given as well as its full reference in the reference list). Authors of plant species names need not be given.

    Metric units

    Units must follow the SI system.

    References

    Author names should be written in small capital letters. The references should be cited in the text as follows: (SMITH 1999) either (SMITH & JONES 1999) or (BROWN et al. 1999). Consecutive references must be separated by a semicolon (;), and should be ordered chronologically. All papers cited in the text should be listed in the references section and all references should be cited in the text. The list of references should be ordered alphabetically by author’s surname(s). Titles of papers published in languages other than English should be followed by their English translation in square brackets, with an explanatory note at the end, e.g. (in Russian).
    When there is more than one reference of a given author in the same year, the references should be distinguished by the letter ‘a’ used for the first reference and ‘b’, ‘c’ for the following ones.
    1) Journal article
    AUTHOR(S). Year of publication. Title. Abbreviation of journal title. Volume: range of pages.
    Example:
    HOEKSTRA F. A., GOLOVINA E. A., BUITINK J. 2001. Mechanisms of plant desiccation tolerance. Trends Plant Sci. 6: 431-438.
    2) Journal article with DOI
    AUTHOR(S). Year of publication. Title. Abbreviation of journal title. DOI.
    Example:
    MATUSZEWSKI S., BAJERLEIN D., KONWERSKI S., SZPILA K. 2009. Insect succession and carrion decomposition in selected forests of Central Europe. Part 2: Composition and residency patterns of carrion fauna. Forensic Sci. Int. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2009.11.007.
    3) Books
    AUTHOR(S). Year of publication. Title. Publisher, Publication place.
    Example:
    EFRON B., TIBSHIRANI R. J. 1993. An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Chapman & Hall, London.
    4) Chapter in a book
    Author(s) of chapter. Year of publication. Chapter title. In: Book title (EDITOR(S)) of the book, Ed(s)), Chapter range of pages, Publisher, Publication place.
    Example:
    LING K. H., PAETKAU V., MARCUS S. F., LARDY H. A. 1966. Phosphofructokinase: skeletal muscle. In: Methods in Enzymology (COLOWICK S. P., KAPLAN N. O., Eds), vol. 9, pp. 425-425, Academic Press, New York.
    5) Conference proceedings
    AUTHOR(S). Year of publication. Title. In: Conference name (EDITOR(s)), Date, Place of conference, Range of pages, Publisher, Publication place.
    Example:
    CHRISTIAN E. 2002. Copepoda from forest floor habitats in Vienna. In: Proceedings of the 6th Central European Workshop on Soil Zoology (TAJOVSKÝ K., BALÍK V., PIŽL V,Eds), April 23-25, 2001, České Budějovice, Czech Republic, pp. 19-24, Tisk Josef Posekaný, České Budějovice.
    6) Thesis or dissertation
    AUTHOR(S). Year of publication. Title. Information on thesis type, place of publication. Example:
    ROSLIN T. 1999. Spatial ecology of dung beetles. PhD thesis, University of Helisinki, Finland.

    Statistical conventions

    For significance tests, give the name of the test followed by a colon, the test statistic and its value, the degrees of freedom or sample size (whichever is the convention for the test), and the P value. Degrees of freedom may be presented as a subscript to the test statistic, e.g. ANOVA: F2,91 = 3.24, P = 0.002, or rs = -0.43, N = 63, P < 0.001). P values should be expressed as an exact probability value. Departure from a significance threshold of 0.05 should be stated and justified in the Methods. Nonsignificant outcomes should be indicated as exact probability values or as ‘ns’.

    Figure caption

    Captions to all figures should be grouped at the end of the text, on a separate page. They should be numbered consecutively: Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc.

    Figures

    Figures should be inserted in Word as JPEG, GIF or TIF files, and grouped below Figure captions. The following resolutions are optimal: 600 dpi for photographs, 300 dpi for figures. They should be suitable for double reduction of size in reproduction (this is especially important when the size of symbols, inscriptions, descriptions of plots, line thickness, etc. are selected). References in the text to figures should be as follows: Fig. 1, Figs. 1-5.

    Tables

    Tables should be as simple as possible, and understandable without reference to the text. All tables with their captions should be grouped at the end of the text, below figures (each table on a separate page). Tables should not contain vertical rules, and the main body of the table should not contain horizontal rules. The supplementary descriptions should be added under the table. Give extra information as a footnote below the table. All tables should be referred as Table 1, etc., and numbered in the same order as they are mentioned in the main body of the article.

    Submission

    An electronic version of the manuscript (pdf), a cover letter, and a statement that the manuscript has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere should be sent as attached files to the Managing Editor (Dr. Daria Bajerlein), e-mail: biollett@amu.edu.pl

    Editorial process

    Biological Letters is blind peer-reviewed journal. Every manuscript is independently reviewed by at least two referees selected by editors before it is accepted for publication. Authors can provide names and addresses of at least three researchers of recognized competence who may be considered as reviewers. In e-submission, authors should be informed about manuscript acceptance or rejection within three months. In paper submission, the decision may take up to six months. The authors will receive galley proofs. They should be checked immediately and sent back to the editorial office within 48 hours. Corrections of the proofs must be restricted to printer’s errors only. Otherwise, the authors would be charged for any other substantial changes in the proofs. The authors will receive 10 reprints and one copy of the volume free of charge. Further reprints may be ordered in the editorial office when the proofs are returned.

    Page charges

    The journal does not have article processing charges (APCs) nor article submission charges. There are no page charges in our journal

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    Abstracting & Indexing

    Biological Letters is covered by the following services:

    • AGRICOLA (National Agricultural Library)
    • AGRO
    • Arianta
    • Baidu Scholar
    • CABI (over 50 subsections)
    • Celdes
    • Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS)
    • CNKI Scholar (China National Knowledge Infrastructure)
    • CNPIEC
    • DOAJ
    • EBSCO (relevant databases)
    • EBSCO Discovery Service
    • Genamics JournalSeek
    • Google Scholar
    • Index Copernicus
    • J-Gate
    • JournalTOCs
    • Meta (formerly Sciencescape)
    • Naviga (Softweco)
    • POL-index
    • Primo Central (ExLibris)
    • ProQuest (relevant databases)
    • ReadCube
    • ResearchGate
    • Summon (Serials Solutions/ProQuest)
    • TDOne (TDNet)
    • Thomson Reuters - BIOSIS Previews
    • Thomson Reuters - Zoological Record
    • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory/ulrichsweb
    • WorldCat (OCLC)

    Editorial Information

    Editor-in-Chief
    Andrzej Lesicki (AMU, Poznań)

    Managing Editor
    Daria Bajerlein (AMU, Poznań)

    Technical Editor
    Marek Przewoźny (AMU, Poznań)

    Linguistic Consultant
    Sylwia Ufnalska

    Editorial Board (all members affiliated to AMU, Poznań)
    Mirosława Dabert (Editor in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology)
    Szymon Konwerski (Editor in Entomology and Zoology)
    Natalia Kuczyńska-Kippen (Editor in Hydrobiology)
    Marlena Lembicz (Editor in Plant Ecology and Population Ecology)
    Anna Skoracka (Editor in Invertebrate Ecology)
    Małgorzata Słocińska (Editor in Animal Physiology and Biochemistry)
    Adrian Surmacki (Editor in Ornithology, Zoology and Ecology)

    Members
    Józef Bielawski (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland),
    Nikita Chernetsov (Biological Station Rybachy, Russia),
    Rainer Ehrnsberger (University of Vechta, Germany),
    Ladislav Paule (Technical University Zvolen, Slovakia),
    Wiesław Prus-Głowacki (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland),
    Jolenta Schneider (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland),
    Edward F. Skorkowski (University of Gdańsk, Poland),
    Kazimierz Stępczak (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland),
    Maciej Zenkteler (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland),
    Kazimierz Ziemnicki (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland),
    Waldemar Żukowski (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland).

    Contact
    Biological Letters
    Faculty of Biology
    Adam Mickiewicz University
    Umultowska 89
    61-614 Poznań
    Poland

    phone: (+4861)8295657
    fax: (+4861)8295550
    e-mail: biollett@amu.edu.pl

    Publisher
    DE GRUYTER OPEN
    Bogumiła Zuga 32A Str.
    01-811 Warsaw, Poland
    T: +48 22 701 50 15

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