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Karyotype variation within some native populations of oriental spruce (Picea orientalis) in Turkey

1Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Department of Biology, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, Turkey

2Department of Forest Engineering, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, Turkey

© 2009 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Biologia. Volume 64, Issue 6, Pages 1076–1084, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: 10.2478/s11756-009-0185-5, October 2009

Publication History

Published Online:
2009-10-22

Abstract

Karyological studies have been investigated within 8 native Anatolian populations of oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link) in Turkey. The somatic chromosome number of 2n = 2x = 24 has been observed in all accessions. The karyotypes are generally asymmetrical with most of the chromosomes having median to median-submedian centromeres. Inter-population variability of the karyotype was summarized with cluster analysis. We found that the karyotypes have positively correlated with the altitudes of the natural habitats. The high value of karyotype asymmetry may be attributed to both microenvironment and natural regeneration methods used in oriental spruce.

Keywords: chromosomes; cluster analysis; karyotype asymmetry; oriental spruce

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