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Botanica Marina

Editor-in-Chief: Dring, Matthew

6 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2014: 1.402
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.643

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 0.552
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 0.810
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2014: 1.356



Defenses of polar macroalgae against herbivores and biofoulers

Charles D. Amsler1 / Katrin Iken2 / James B. McClintock1 / Bill J. Baker3

1Department of Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-1170, USA

2Institute of Marine Science, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7220, USA

3Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620, USA

Corresponding author

Citation Information: Botanica Marina. Volume 52, Issue 6, Pages 535–545, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: 10.1515/BOT.2009.070, December 2009

Publication History



Chemical defenses against herbivores are common in macroalgae from Antarctica, particularly in those species that typically dominate benthic communities. Conversely, although little studied, chemical defenses do not appear to be as important in the ecological relationships of Arctic macroalgae. Mesoherbivory may be particularly heavy in Antarctic macroalgal communities, but Antarctic macroalgae produce chemical defenses against both mesoherbivores and macroherbivores. Antarctic macroalgae have been useful in testing and extending chemical defense theories. While physical defenses may also be important in some Antarctic macroalgal-herbivore relationships, particularly with respect to mesoherbivores, physical defenses do not appear to have wide-spread importance against macroherbivores. In Arctic macroalgae, physical defenses may be of more overall importance in reducing mesoherbivory. Antarctic macroalgae also produce compounds with the potential to control biofouling by sympatric microalgae.

Keywords: Antarctica; Arctic; chemical ecology; herbivory

Citing Articles

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C. Angulo-Preckler, T. Spurkland, C. Avila, and K. Iken
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Ruth E. McDowell, Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, and Bill J. Baker
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Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, Bill J. Baker, and M. Graham
Journal of Phycology, 2014, Volume 50, Number 1, Page 1
MO Amsler, CD Amsler, JL von Salm, CF Aumack, JB McClintock, RM Young, and BJ Baker
Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2013, Volume 490, Page 79
Jonathan D. Craft, Valerie J. Paul, and Erik E. Sotka
Ecology, 2013, Volume 94, Number 1, Page 18
Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, and Bill J. Baker
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Susanne Becker, María Liliana Quartino, Gabriela Laura Campana, Philip Bucolo, Christian Wiencke, and Kai Bischof
Antarctic Science, 2011, Volume 23, Number 05, Page 419
Dagmar B. Stengel, Solène Connan, and Zoë A. Popper
Biotechnology Advances, 2011, Volume 29, Number 5, Page 483
Hannah Halm, Ulrike H. Lüder, and Christian Wiencke
European Journal of Phycology, 2011, Volume 46, Number 1, Page 16
Craig F. Aumack, Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, and Bill J. Baker
Journal of Phycology, 2011, Volume 47, Number 1, Page 36
Christian Wiencke and Margaret N. Clayton
Botanica Marina, 2009, Volume 52, Number 6
Valerie J. Paul, Raphael Ritson-Williams, and Koty Sharp
Nat. Prod. Rep., 2011, Volume 28, Number 2, Page 345
J. B. McClintock, C. D. Amsler, and B. J. Baker
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