Scale-bearing nanoflagellates from southern Tasmanian coastal waters, Australia. I. Species of the genus Chrysochromulina (Haptophyta) : Botanica Marina

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Botanica Marina

Editor-in-Chief: Dring, Matthew


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Scale-bearing nanoflagellates from southern Tasmanian coastal waters, Australia. I. Species of the genus Chrysochromulina (Haptophyta)

Jeannie-Marie LeRoi / Gustaaf M. Hallegraeff

Citation Information: Botanica Marina. Volume 47, Issue 1, Pages 73–102, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: 10.1515/BOT.2004.008, June 2005

Publication History

Published Online:
2005-06-01

Abstract

A comprehensive taxonomic survey of Chrysochromulina was undertaken in 52 samples from southern Tasmanian coastal waters. Scale morphology of both field samples and enrichment cultures was examined using transmission electron microscopy. Twenty-eight known species of Chrysochromulina were recorded. These included C. adriatica, C. alifera, C. apheles, C. brevifilum, C. chiton, C. cyathophora, C. ephippium, C. ericina, C. hirta, C. leadbeateri, C. mantoniae, C. minor, C. novae-zelandiae, C. pachycylindra, C. parkeae, C. polylepis, C. pringsheimii, C. pyramidosa, C. simplex, C. spinifera, and Chrysochromulina sp. (“eyelash”). There were seven new records for Australian waters: C. acantha, C. aff. brachycylindra, C. aff. camella, C. fragaria, C. mactra, C. scutellum and C. aff vexillifera. All species, except C. novae-zelandiae, had been previously reported from the northern hemisphere. A further nine undescribed species are documented. However, lack of complete cells prevented new species descriptions. Two known toxic species, Chysochromulina polylepis and C. leadbeateri, responsible for massive fish kills in Scandinavia, were found in this survey. Toxicity testing of six Chrysochromulina species isolated from Tasmanian waters (C. acantha, C. apheles, C. hirta, C. scutellum, C. simplex, Chrysochromulina sp. [“eyelash”]) was undertaken, using larval brine shrimp (Artemia) bioassays. None of the strains tested was found to be toxic.

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Elianne Sirnaes Egge, Torill Vik Johannessen, Tom Andersen, Wenche Eikrem, Lucie Bittner, Aud Larsen, Ruth-Anne Sandaa, and Bente Edvardsen
Molecular Ecology, 2015, Volume 24, Number 12, Page 3026
[2]
Bente Edvardsen, Wenche Eikrem, Jahn Throndsen, Alberto G. Sáez, Ian Probert, and Linda K. Medlin
European Journal of Phycology, 2011, Volume 46, Number 3, Page 202
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