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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R. / Tsongalis, Gregory J.

13 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2013: 2.955
Rank 5 out of 29 in category Medical Laboratory Technology in the 2013 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.860
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 1.046



The Intrathecal Humoral Immune Response: Laboratory Analysis and Clinical Relevance

Christian J.M. Sindic / Marie-Paule Van Antwerpen / Sophie Goffette

Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Volume 39, Issue 4, Pages 333–340, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: 10.1515/CCLM.2001.052, June 2005

Publication History

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In normal conditions, albumin and immunoglobulin (Ig)G in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) originate from the blood, and there is no antibody production within the central nervous system. Up to 20% of CSF proteins are intrathecally synthesized, but the major fraction is blood-derived. The CSF/serum albumin quotient (QAlb) is the best marker of the blood-CSF barrier function. The corresponding immunoglobulin quotients (QIGG, QIGA, QIGM ) are not linearly related to QAlb and their correlations are defined by an hyperbolic equation. This equation is used to discriminate between a blood-derived and a locally produced fraction of immunoglobulins in case of an intrathecal humoral immune response. The detection of CSF-specific oligoclonal IgG is more sensitive than the quantitative comparison between QIGG and QAlb. A further step is the determination of antibody indices and the detection of specific oligoclonal antibodies by antigen-driven immunoblots. CSF analysis remains a cornerstone for the diagnosis of various neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis and infectious diseases of the central nervous system.

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