Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)
Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)
Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario
Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R.
IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 3.017
Rank 5 out of 30 in category Medical Laboratory Technology in the 2014 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.873
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.982
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 2.238
Molecular Detection of Early Appearance of Drug Resistance during Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection
Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Volume 40, Issue 9, Pages 876–881, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: 10.1515/CCLM.2002.155, June 2005
- Published Online:
During the early development of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) infection only a small proportion of resistant bacteria are present within a milieu of sensitive bacteria. This complicates the use of molecular methods to predict the presence of a resistant phenotype and has been largely ignored in many of the newly developed molecular methods. In this study, mixtures of DNA from M. tuberculosis strains with known wild-type and mutant sequences were used to evaluate the sensitivity of three different molecular methods for detection of drug resistance. The dot-blot and amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) methods showed sensitivities that approach those of routine phenotypic methods and are able to detect the presence of mutant sequences at a ratio of 1 in 50 (corresponding to 2% mutant sequences). This is 10-fold more sensitive than the commercial kit. The ARMS method was also used to investigate the use of molecular methods to identify mixed infections, and both drug-resistant and susceptible strain populations were identified in a single clinical isolate. These findings highlight the applicability of molecular methods to the rapid detection of drug resistance in tuberculosis patients, particularly in those who are non-compliant and in contacts of known drug-resistant tuberculosis patients, and assistance in limiting the spread of drug-resistant strains.
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