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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)

Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)

Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario

Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R. / Tsongalis, Gregory J.

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Decreased expression of the insulin-like growth factor-I-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) phosphoisoform in pre-eclamptic Wharton's jelly and its role in the regulation of collagen biosynthesis

Edward Bańkowski / Krzysztof Sobolewski / Jerzy Palka / Stefan Jaworski

Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Volume 42, Issue 2, Pages 175–181, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: 10.1515/CCLM.2004.032, June 2005

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Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is known as an important stimulator of collagen and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) biosynthesis in tissues. IGF-I activity is under control of IGF-I-binding proteins (IGFBPs) with different IGF-I-binding affinity. IGFBP-1 is known as an inhibitor of IGF-dependent functions. Some IGFBPs (e.g., IGFBP-1) may undergo phosphorylation that dramatically increases IGFBP affinity for IGF. Wharton's jelly represents a reservoir of IGF-I and its binding proteins (BPs). Pre-eclampsia, the most common, pregnancy-associated pathological syndrome, contributes to a significant decrease in IGF-I and IGFBP-1 content in Wharton's jelly, although it does not affect collagen content in this tissue. In the present study we show that control Wharton's jelly contains phosphorylated forms of IGFBP-1 that are dramatically dephosphorylated during pre-eclampsia. A dramatic decrease in IGF-I binding to immunoprecipitated IGFBP-1 from pre-eclamptic Wharton's jelly compared to the control was observed. Western immunoblot analysis with anti-phosphothreonine antibodies for immunoprecipitated IGFBP-1 from control and pre-eclamptic Wharton's jelly revealed that both tissues contain phosphorylated forms of IGFBP-1. However, a distinct decrease in the expression of phosphorylated IGFBP-1 from pre-eclamptic Wharton's jelly was observed. The functional significance of the phenomenon was found in cultured fibroblasts treated with IGFBP isolated from Wharton's jelly extracts. A significant decrease in collagen biosynthesis was found in the cells treated with IGFBP of control Wharton's jelly, while in the presence of IGFBP from pre-eclamptic Wharton's jelly, the rate of collagen biosynthesis was similar to that in the control cells. The result was corroborated by data showing increase in expression of IGF-I receptor and phosphorylated MAP kinases (ERK1 and ERK2) in fibroblasts cultured in the presence of IGFBP from pre-eclamptic Wharton's jelly, compared to control. The data suggest that the decrease in phosphorylated IGFBP-1 in pre-eclamptic Wharton's jelly may decrease IGF-I-binding affinity for IGF and increase the bioavailability of IGF-I for receptor interaction. This mechanism may facilitate IGF-I-dependent stimulation of fibroblasts to produce extracellular matrix (ECM) components even at a low IGF-I tissue level. Therefore, IGFBP-1 phosphoisoforms in Wharton's jelly may play an important role in the regulation of IGF-I-dependent functions during pre-eclampsia.

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