Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)
Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)
Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario
Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R.
IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 3.017
Rank 5 out of 30 in category Medical Laboratory Technology in the 2014 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.873
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.982
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 2.238
Homocysteine-lowering vitamin B treatment decreases cardiovascular events in hemodialysis patients
1Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Vimercate Hospital, Vimercate, Italy
Citation Information: Clinical Chemical Laboratory Medicine. Volume 45, Issue 12, Pages 1586–1589, ISSN (Online) 14374331, ISSN (Print) 14346621, DOI: 10.1515/CCLM.2007.335, December 2007
- Published Online:
In Italy, the mortality rate of hemodialysis patients is approximately 14% per year. Cardiovascular disease is the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. High plasma homocysteine levels are commonly detected in these patients, but hyperhomocysteinemia and cardiovascular mortality are not always strictly correlated. The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Pattern Study (DOPPS) showed a direct association between regular use of water-soluble vitamins and lower cardiovascular mortality. We recently performed a long-term prospective trial to study the effects of folic acid therapy on cardiovascular events in hemodialysis patients. We observed not only a lower rate of combined cardiovascular events in patients treated with folate, but also a direct correlation between hyperhomocysteinemia and cardiovascular morbidity. On the contrary, the distribution of deaths was similar in treated and untreated patients, because, almost certainly, sudden death is not always due to atherosclerotic events, and non-cardiovascular deaths, such as cachexia, septicemia and malignancy were characterized by low levels of homocysteine, which may be, in addition, a nutritional index similar to albumin and protein catabolic rate. As it is known that diabetic hemodialysis patients have a higher mortality rate, but lower homocysteine levels as compared to non-diabetic patients, we performed an equal allocation of diabetic patients in treated and untreated groups. We observed a similar homocysteine reduction rate in diabetic patients as compared to non-diabetic patients, and a trend towards a lower rate of composite cardiovascular events in treated diabetic patients as compared to untreated diabetic patients. To summarize, the strong relationship between homocysteine and nutritional, inflammatory markers may hide its association with cardiovascular disease. Homocysteine-lowering vitamin B therapy may lower cardiovascular events in dialysis patients. It is mandatory to perform large prospective trials to confirm our results.
Clin Chem Lab Med 2007;45:1586–9.
Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.