Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)
Published in Association with the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM)
Editor-in-Chief: Plebani, Mario
Ed. by Gillery, Philippe / Lackner, Karl J. / Lippi, Giuseppe / Melichar, Bohuslav / Payne, Deborah A. / Schlattmann, Peter / Tate, Jillian R.
IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 3.017
Rank 5 out of 30 in category Medical Laboratory Technology in the 2014 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.873
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.982
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 2.238
Genetic basis of thrombosis
1Genetica Medica, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Università degli Studi di Foggia, Foggia, Italy
2Unità di Emostasi e Trombosi, I.R.C.C.S. “Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza”, S. Giovanni Rotondo, Italy
Citation Information: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Volume 48, Pages S41–S51, ISSN (Online) 1437-4331, ISSN (Print) 1434-6621, DOI: 10.1515/CCLM.2010.361, October 2010
- Published Online:
Venous thrombosis (VT) represents a common and serious disorder that occurs as the result of clotting of the blood in the venous system and venous obstruction. Environmental risk factors and genetic predisposition play an important role in the development of thrombosis. It is therefore seen as a classic example of a complex common disease. We have focused on the role of genetic risk factors, primarily related to the hemostatic system, in triggering thrombotic events. Since the identification of antithrombin deficiency in 1965, major efforts have been made during the past 15 years to identify other genetic entities that lead to increased thrombotic risk. Results of early genetic studies demonstrated that two types of genetic defects cause VT: loss of function mutations in the natural anticoagulants antithrombin, protein C and protein S and gain of function mutations in procoagulant factors V (FV Leiden) and II (prothrombin G20210A). The high incidence of these mutations in Caucasians induced a shift from family studies to case-control association studies. Several investigations have been performed on the role of other candidate genetic risk factors predisposing to VT, including such variants in FXIII, FIX and fibrinogen genes. Moreover, the contribution of genetic variation in genes encoding less-well studied proteins that are part of the anticoagulant pathways has been evaluated. Recently, different genome-wide association studies have been performed in which several single nucleotide polymorphisms were investigated and related to the risk of VT. However, further studies are needed to identify additional genetic causes of thrombosis and to assess functional molecular mechanisms.
Clin Chem Lab Med 2010;48:S41–51.
Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.