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- The Impact of Direct Democracy on Governance: A Replication and Extension by Lac, Ly T. and Lascher, Edward L.
The Top Two Primary: What Can California Learn from Washington?
1Western Washington University
Citation Information: California Journal of Politics and Policy. Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 1–22, ISSN (Online) 1944-4370, DOI: 10.1515/1944-4370.1196, February 2012
- Published Online:
Washington�s experience with primary elections provides an opportunity to assess issues associated with implementing the top two primary and an opportunity to examine how changing to a top two primary may affect elections and voting. Although the Washington context is different from California (top two replaced an open partisan primary in Washington, rather than a closed partisan primary), Washington�s experience suggests the effects of this reform have been rather limited. There may have been a slight increase in turnout and a minor increase in campaign expenditure after changing to top two, but it is difficult to link these changes to the primary system. Whatever the cause of the changes, the partisan structure of Washington�s legislature appears unaltered by the new primary system.