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High nature value (HNV) farming and the management of upland diversity. A review

Eileen O'Rourke1 / Nadine Kramm1

Department of Geography, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland1

Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland2

This content is open access.

Citation Information: European Countryside. Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 116–133, ISSN (Online) 1803-8417, DOI: 10.2478/v10091-012-0018-3, April 2012

Publication History

Published Online:
2012-04-26

High nature value (HNV) farming and the management of upland diversity. A review

High nature value (HNV) farming systems play a crucial role in the conservation of biodiversity across large tracks of the European countryside. The socio-economic viability of these low intensity farming systems is in question, with many facing the stark choice of either abandonment or intensification. This review paper explores the concept of HNV farming and examines the links between grazing management and biodiversity conservation in European HNV upland environments. The paper ends with an analysis of the implications of European agricultural policy for HNV farmland, along with future trends and challenges for HNV farming systems.

Keywords: High Nature Value Farming; uplands; biodiversity; grazing management; multifunctionality

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