Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Forestry Studies

Metsanduslikud Uurimused; The Journal of Estonian University of Life Sciences

2 Issues per year


SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.189
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 0.220

Open Access

Open Access

New woodland beetle species (Coleoptera) in Estonian fauna

Ilmar Süda1

Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 5, 51014 Tartu, Estonia1

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused. Volume 50, Issue , Pages 98–114, ISSN (Online) 1736-8723, ISSN (Print) 1406-9954, DOI: 10.2478/v10132-011-0071-0, March 2011

Publication History

Published Online:
2011-03-24

Metsamardikate (Coleoptera) uued liigid Eestis

The article presents faunistic data on 85 species of Coleoptera new to the Estonian fauna. Most of the material has been collected within the framework of various research and monitoring projects carried out in Estonian nature reserves (1998-2009). A new type of trunk window trap, designed by the author in 2004 mainly for monitoring purposes, has been successfully used. 17 of the 85 species are new for the fauna of whole Baltic region: Pseudeuglenes pentatomus (Ths.) (Aderidae), Caenocara subglobosum (Muls. & Rey), Xyletinus tremulicola Y. Kangas (Anobiidae), Choragus sheppardi Kirby (Anthribidae), Cryptocephalus saliceti Zebe (Chrysomelidae), Dirrhagofarsus attenuatus (Mäklin), Hylis cariniceps (Rtt.), Microrhagus emyi (Rouget) (Eucnemidae), Gnathoncus communis (Marseul) (Histeridae), Notolaemus unifasciatus (Latr.) (Laemophloeidae), Agathidium discoideum Er. (Leiodidae), Anisoxya fuscula (Ill.) (Melandryidae), Mordellistena neuwaldeggiana (Pz.) (Mordellidae), Ripidius quadriceps Abeille de Perrin (Rhipiphoridae), Lissodema cursor (Gyll.) (Salpingidae), Aphodius quadrimaculatus (L.) (Scarabaeidae) and Eutheia schaumii Kiesw. (Scydmaenidae). One of the species, Caenocara subglobosum (Muls. & Rey) (Anobiidae), is new for the whole Northern Europe. Specimens of this species were collected from eastern and southern Estonia: most were caught in window traps but some also emerged from the collected fruiting bodies of Common Puffball (Lycoperdon perlatum). For 21 new species, Estonia lies on the northern edge of their range. Three of these, Triphyllus bicolor (F.), Mycetophagus ater (Rtt.) and Glischrochilus grandis (Tournier) that were collected from 6-10 sites, have a wider distribution in Estonia. Two species, Xyletinus tremulicola Y. Kangas (Anobiidae) and Stephanopachys linearis (Kug.) (Bostrichidae), have been listed on Annex II of the EU Habitats Directive. Two new species (Lymantor aceris (Lindemann) and Xyleborinus saxesenii (Ratz.)) were also added to the list of Estonian bark beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae).

New woodland beetle species (Coleoptera) in Estonian fauna

The volumes of the annual journal "Metsanduslikud Uurimused" (Forestry Studies) contain faunistic data on 28 new woodland Coleoptera species in Estonia. Following on from this work, the present article summarizes material collected mainly by the author between 1977 and 2009. Most of the material has been collected within the framework of various research and monitoring projects carried out in Estonian nature reserves (1998-2009). A new type of trunk window trap, designed by the author in 2004 mainly for monitoring purposes, has been successfully used in nearly all mentioned projects.

The article discusses 85 new for Estonia beetle species (73 of which are woodland species), presenting their faunistic data along with comments. 17 of the 85 species are new for the fauna of whole Baltic region: Pseudeuglenes pentatomus (Ths.) (Aderidae), Caenocara subglobosum (Muls. & Rey), Xyletinus tremulicola Y. Kangas (Anobiidae), Choragus sheppardi Kirby (Anthribidae), Cryptocephalus saliceti Zebe (Chrysomelidae), Dirrhagofarsus attenuatus (Mäklin), Hylis cariniceps (Rtt.), Microrhagus emyi (Rouget) (Eucnemidae), Gnathoncus communis (Marseul) (Histeridae), Notolaemus unifasciatus (Latr.) (Laemophloeidae), Agathidium discoideum Er. (Leiodidae), Mordellistena neuwaldeggiana (Pz.) (Mordellidae), Anisoxya fuscula (Ill.) (Melandryidae), Ripidius quadriceps Abeille de Perrin (Rhipiphoridae), Lissodema cursor (Gyll.) (Salpingidae), Aphodius quadrimaculatus (L.) (Scarabaeidae) and Eutheia schaumii Kiesw. (Scydmaenidae).

One of the species, Caenocara subglobosum (Muls. & Rey) (Anobiidae), is new for the whole Northern Europe. Specimens of this species were collected from eastern and southern Estonia: most were caught in window traps but some also emerged from the collected fruiting bodies of Common Puffball (Lycoperdon perlatum).

For a relatively large number (21) of the new species, Estonia lies on the northern edge of their range. Three of these, Mycetophagus ater (Rtt.), Triphyllus bicolor (F.), and Glischrochilus grandis (Tournier) that were collected from 6-10 sites, have a wider distribution in Estonia.

Xyletinus tremulicola Y. Kangas (Anobiidae) and Stephanopachys linearis (Kug.) (Bostrichidae), which have been listed on Annex II of the EU Habitats Directive, were previously unrecorded in Estonia. Two new species (Lymantor aceris (Lindemann) and Xyleborinus saxesenii (Ratz.)) were also added to the list of Estonian bark beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) which now comprises 67 species.

Keywords: Coleoptera; silvicolous beetles; Estonia; faunistics; trunk window trap; nature reserve

  • Alekseev, V. I., Nikitsky, N. B. 2008. Rare and new for the fauna of the Baltic States beetles (Coleoptera) from the Kaliningrad region. - Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 18, 4, 261-266.

  • Barsevskis, A. 2005. Catalogue of click-beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae) of Latvia. - Proceedings on Taxonomy and Faunistics of Beetles (Coleoptera) dedicated to the 100th birthday of the Latvian entomologist Mihails Stiprais (1905-1990). Daugavpils, 7-28.

  • Ehnström, B., Axelsson, R. 2002. Insect galleries in bark and wood. (Insektsgnag i bark och ved). Uppsala, ArtDatabanken SLU. 512 pp. (In Swedish).

  • Fauna Europaea, version 1.3. 2007. [WWW document]. - URL http://www.faunaeur.org/

  • Ferenca, R., Ivinskis, P., Tamutis, V. 2006. New and rare for Lithuania species of beetles (Coleoptera). - Naujos ir retos Lietuvos vabzdžių rūšys, 17, 11-21.

  • Jaskuła, R., Buczyński, P., Przewoźny, M., Wanat, M. 2005. New localities evidence that Macronychus quadrituberculatus P. W. J. Muller, 1806. (Coleoptera: Elmidae) is not rare in Poland. - Lauterbornia, 55, 35-41.

  • Kalisiak, J., Jaskula, R., Tonczyk, G. 2003. Rare or undiscovered: Macronychus quadrimaculatus Müller, 1806 (Coleoptera, Elmidae) in Poland - comments on distribution in the Central and Eastern Europe. - Baltic Journal of Coleopterology, 3 (1), 29-34.

  • Koch, K. 1989. Die Käfer Mitteleuropas. Ökologie, 2. Krefeld, Goecke & Evers Verlag. 382 pp.

  • Koch, K. 1989-1992. Die Käfer Mitteleuropas. Ökologie, 1-3. Krefeld, Goecke & Evers Verlag.

  • Lundberg, S. 1995. Catalogus Coleopterorum Sueciae. - Stockholm, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet.

  • Mannerkoski, I. 2001. Kovakuoriaiset. (Beetles). - Ilmonen, J., Ryttäri, T., Alanen, A. (eds.). Luontodirektiivin kasvit ja selkärangattomat eläimet - Suomen Natura 2000-ehdotuksen luonnontieteellinen arviointi. Suomen ympäristö, 510. Helsinki, Suomen ympäristökeskus. 122-149. (In Finnish).

  • Mannerkoski, I. 2003. Heimo Anobiidae, puunkaivajat. (Family Anobiidae, dead-watch beetles). [WWW document]. - URL http://joyx.joensuu.fi/~pmartik/pages/kuoriaiset_anobiidae.html

  • Martikainen, P., Kouki, J. 2003. Sampling the rarest: threatened beetles in boreal forest biodiversity inventories. - Biodiversity and Conservation, 12, 1815-1831.

  • Merivee, E.; Remm, H. 1973. Mardikate määraja. (Keybook of beetles). Tallinn, Valgus. 307 pp. (In Estonian).

  • Remm, H. 1967. Putukate välimääraja, 2. Mardikalised. (Field keybook of insects, 2. Beetles). Tartu, Tartu Riiklik Ülikool. 205 pp. (In Estonian).

  • Roosileht, U. 1994. The primeval forest of Kanaküla (Estonia) is rich in rare beetles (Coleoptera). - Sahlbergia, 1, 15-20.

  • Seidlitz, G. 1875. Fauna Baltica. Die Käfer (Coleoptera) der Ostseeprovinzen Russlands. - Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands, 2(5). Dorpat, Dorpater Naturforscher-Gesellschaft. 560 pp.

  • Seidlitz, G. 1891. Fauna Baltica. Die Kaefer (Coleoptera) der Deutschen Ostseeprovinzen Russlands. 2. Aufl., Königsberg, Hartungsche Verlagsdruckerei. 819 pp.

  • Silfverberg, H. 2004. Enumeratio nova Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae. - Sahlbergia 9(1), 1-111.

  • Süda, I. 1996. Haavaüraskitest (Trypophloeus Fairmaire) Eestis ja lähiriikides. (On Trypophloeus Fairmaire in Estonia and neighboring countries). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 27, 149-154. (In Estonian).

  • Süda, I. 1998. Ohustatud mardikalised (Coleoptera) Eesti metsades. (Endangered beetles (Coleoptera) of Estonian forests). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 29, 109-123. (In Estonian).

  • Süda, I. 1999. Harilik haavaürask (Trypophloeus asperatus (Gyll.)) Eestis. (Trypophloeus asperatus (Gyll.) in Estonia). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 31, 181-183. (In Estonian).

  • Süda, I. 2001. Ksülobiontsete mardikaliste (Coleoptera) väljakasvatamise tulemused aastail 1994-2000. (The results of the rearing of xylobiont beetles (Coleoptera) in 1994-2000). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 35, 179-188. (In Estonian).

  • Süda, I. 2005. Mida teame kopramardikast? (What do we know about Beaver Parasite Beetle?). - Eesti Jahimees, 5, 11. (In Estonian).

  • Süda, I. 2006. Jalaka-maltsaürask (Scolytus triarmatus (Eggers, 1912)) - uus üraskiliik Baltikumis. (Scolytus triarmatus (Eggers, 1912) - a new bark beetle in the Baltics). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused 44, 112-117. (In Estonian).

  • Süda, I., Timm, H. 1998. Mardikalised, Coleoptera. (Beetles, Coleoptera). - Lilleleht, V. (ed.). Eesti Punane Raamat. (Estonian Red Data Book). Tartu, Infotrükk OÜ, 90-96. (In Estonian).

  • Süda, I., Voolma, K. 2007. Mardikate (Coleoptera) liigirikkus ja arvukus Kirde-Eesti põlendikel: esimene aasta pärast metsapõlengut. (Diversity and abundance of Coleoptera in burnt forests of northeastern Estonia: the first year after fire). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused 47, 117-130. (In Estonian).

  • Telnov, D. 2001. To the knowledge of Latvian Coleoptera, 1. - Latvijas Entomologs, 38, 61-69.

  • Telnov, D., Barsevskis, A., Savich, F., Kovalevsky, F., Berdnikov, S., Doronin, M., Cibulskis, R., Ratniece, O. 1997. The check-list of Latvian beetles. - Mitteilungen des Internationalen Entomologischen Vereins e. V., Suppl. 5, 1-140.

  • Telnov, D., Fägerström, Ch., Gailis, J., Kalninš, M., Napolov, A., Piterãns, U., Vilks, K., 2006. - Contributions to the knowledge of Latvian Coleoptera. 5. - Latvijas entomologs, 43, 78-125.

  • Voolma, K. 1996. Puitu kahjustavate ürasklaste (Trypodendron, Xyleborus) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) esinemisest Eestis. (Distribution of xylomycetophagous scolytids (Trypodendron and Xyleborus) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Estonia). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 27, 140-148. (In Estonian).

  • Voolma, K., Õunap, H. 1994. Täiendusi Eesti ürasklaste (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) nimestikule. (Addition to the list of bark beetles (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in Estonia). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 26, 110-112. (In Estonian).

  • Voolma, K., Õunap, H. 2006. Putukate ja mõningate teiste lülijalgsete liigirikkus ja arvukus kaitsealuses ja majandatavas metsas. (Diversity and abundance of insects and some other arthropods in unmanaged and managed forests). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 44, 95-111. (In Estonian).

  • Ounap, H. 1980. О видовом составе хищных жесткокрылых (Coleoptera) в ходах короедов хвойных пород в Эстонии. (On the specific composition of the predatory Coleoptera established in the boreholes of bark beetles inhabiting conifers). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 16,34-43. (In Russian).

  • Õunap, H. 1996. Saareüraskitest (Hylesinus) ja kääbusüraskitest (Crypturgus) (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) Eestis. (On Hylesinus Fabricius and Crypturgus Erichson (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in Estonia). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 27, 133-139. (In Estonian).

  • Õunap, H. 2001. Insects predators and parasitoids of bark beetles (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in Estonia. Dissertationes scientiarum naturalium Universitatis Agriculturae Estoniae, VIII. Tartu, 121 pp.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.