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Geologica Carpathica

The Journal of Geological Institute of Slovak Academy of Sciences

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Quaternary exhumation of the Carpathians: a record from the Orava-Nowy Targ Intramontane Basin, Western Carpathians (Poland and Slovakia)

Antek Tokarski1 / Ania Świerczewska1 / Witold Zuchiewicz1 / Dušan Starek1 / László Fodor1,

Polish Academy of Sciences, Research Centre in Kraków, Institute of Geological Sciences, Senacka 1, 31-002 Kraków, Poland1

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland2

Geological Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 840 05 Bratislava, Slovak Republic3

Geological Institute of Hungary (MAFI), Stefania 14, 1143 Budapest, Hungary4

Geological, Geophysical and Space Science Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Eötvös University, Pázmány P. sétány 1/C, 1117 Budapest, Hungary5

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Geologica Carpathica. Volume 63, Issue 4, Pages 257–266, ISSN (Online) 1336-8052, ISSN (Print) 1335-0552, DOI: 10.2478/v10096-012-0021-7, August 2012

Publication History

Published Online:
2012-08-13

Quaternary exhumation of the Carpathians: a record from the Orava-Nowy Targ Intramontane Basin, Western Carpathians (Poland and Slovakia)

The Neogene-Quaternary infill of the Orava-Nowy Targ Intramontane Basin comprises two tiers showing contrasting lithologies. The Neogene tier is largely composed of claystones and siltstones, whereas the Quaternary tier is dominated by gravels. The two sequences are separated by an erosional surface underlain by a regolith. Deposition of the Neogene sequence took place during subsidence of the basin. No prominent relief existed in the area of the present-day mountains actually surrounding the basin at that time. The regolith started to form at the onset of basin inversion. Still, no prominent relief existed in the present-day mountains. The onset of deposition of Quaternary gravels in the basin corresponds to acceleration of uplift of the surrounding mountains, which has been continuing until now. The Pieniny Klippen Belt has been subject to erosion, at least locally, from the deposition of the basal part of the Neogene sequence filling the Orava-Nowy Targ Basin until present times. In contrast, the Paleogene cover of the Tatra Mts was removed only during the Quaternary.

Keywords: Neogene; Quaternary; Western Carpathians; Orava-Nowy Targ Basin; exhumation; gravels

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