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GeoScience Engineering

The Journal of VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Faculty of Mining and Geology

3 Issues per year

Open Access

Open Access

Possibilities of energy recovery from municipal waste

1Institute of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Geology, VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, tř. 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, phone: (+420) 597 325 289

2Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic, Department of Public Administration IX, Čs. legií 5, CZ 702 00 Ostrava, phone: (+420) 595 136 476

This content is open access.

Citation Information: GeoScience Engineering. Volume 58, Issue 4, Pages 49–58, ISSN (Online) 1802-5420, DOI: 10.2478/v10205-011-0023-1, January 2014

Publication History

Published Online:
2014-01-25

Abstract

The article summarizes possibilities of energy recovery from municipal waste. It describes the history of incineration and energy recovery from municipal waste in Czechoslovakia and then in the Czech Republic. The attention is paid to the three currently operated plants for energy recovery from municipal waste in the Czech Republic (ZEVO Malešice, SAKO Brno and TERMIZO Liberec). The following are the characteristics of the planned plants for energy recovery from municipal waste in the Czech Republic. All these plants operate essentially based on grate boilers with flue gas treatment at the highest technical level. The article also lists other technologies which can be used for energy recovery from municipal waste - these are gasification and pyrolysis units and plasma technology. The conclusion of this contribution is devoted to the current and future situation in the area of energy recovery from municipal waste in the Czech Republic with regard to the applicable legal standards

Abstrakt

Příspěvek shrnuje možnosti energetického využití komunálního odpadu. Popsána je historie spalování a energetického využití komunálního odpadu v Československu a poté v České republice. Pozornost je věnována třem v současnosti provozovaným zařízením na energetické využití komunálního odpadu v České republice (ZEVO Malešice, SAKO Brno a TERMIZO Liberec). Dále jsou uvedeny charakteristiky připravovaných zařízení na energetické využití komunálního odpadu v ČR. Všechna uvedená zařízení pracují v zásadě na bázi roštových kotlů s čištěním spalin na nejvyšší možné technické úrovni. Příspěvek také uvádí další technologie, které je možno využít pro energetické využití komunálních odpadů - jedná se o zplyňovací a pyrolýzní jednotky a plazmové technologie. Závěr příspěvku je věnován současné a budoucí situaci v oblasti energetického využití komunálních odpadů v České republice s ohledem na platné právní normy.

Keywords : municipal waste; energy use; boilers; gasification; pyrolysis; plasma technology

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