Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Helminthologia

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2014: 0.678

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 0.324
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 0.700
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2014: 0.750

VolumeIssuePage

Impact of praziquantel baiting on intestinal helminths of foxes in southwestern Germany

1FG Parasitologie, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany

2Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

© 2007 Institute of Parasitology, SAS, Košice, Slovakia. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Helminthologia. Volume 44, Issue 3, Pages 137–144, ISSN (Online) 1336-9083, ISSN (Print) 0440-6605, DOI: 10.2478/s11687-007-0021-9, September 2007

Publication History

Published Online:
2007-09-01

Abstract

Fox baits containing 50 mg praziquantel were distributed by aircraft in a 3000 km2 area of southwestern Germany from 1995 to 1999. 20 baits / km2 were initially distributed at intervals of six to twelve weeks. Starting from a prebaiting prevalence of 64 % (95 % C.I. 59–69), a level of 15 % (C.I. 10–21) was reached after 18 months. Further decreasing the frequency and discontinuing the bait distribution caused a surge to 55 % (C.I. 49–61) within 36 months. Other cestode species (Taenia spp., Mesocestoides spp.) showed similar responses, while the prevalence of ascarid nematodes did not decline during baiting. New infections of fox cubs with E. multilocularis, but not with other cestodes, drastically decreased after one year. Prevalences of fox helminths in an external control area remained stable. Our data suggest that repeated praziquantel treatment of free ranging foxes is suitable to reduce the prevalence of E. multilocularis in a large area.

Keywords: Echinococcus multilocularis; alveolar echinococcosis; epidemiology; control; praziquantel; bait

  • [1] Cannon, R. M, Roe, R. T. (1990): Krankheitsüberwachung in Tierbeständen (Infection control in life stock) (deutsche Übersetzung und Bearbeitung von RJ Lorenz). AID, Bonn

  • [2] Deplazes, P., Gloor, S., Hegglin, D., Romig, T. (2004): Wilderness in the city — the urbanization of Echinococcus multilocularis. Trends in Parasitology, 20: 77–84 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pt.2003.11.011 [CrossRef]

  • [3] Eckert, J., Deplazes, P., Craig, P. S., Gemmell, M. A, Gottstein, B., Heath, D., Jenkins, D. J., Kamiya, M., Lightowlers, M. (2001): Echinococcosis in animals: clinical aspects, diagnosis and treatment. In Eckert, J., Gemmell, M. A., Meslin, F. X., Pawlowsi, Z. S. (Eds.): WHO/OIE manual of echinococcosis in humans and animals: a public health problem of global concern. World Organisation for Animal Health, Paris, pp. 72–99

  • [4] Gemmell, M. A., Lawson, J. R. (1986): Epidemiology and control of hydatid disease. In Thompson R. C. A. (Ed.): The biology of Echinococcus and hydatid disease. George Allen & Unwin, London, pp. 189–216

  • [5] Gloor, S., Bontadina, F., Hegglin, D., Deplazes, D., Breitenmoser, U. (2001): The rise of urban fox populations in Switzerland. Mamm. Biol., 66: 155–164

  • [6] Hansen, F., Thulke, H. H., Jeltsch, F. (2003): Simulationsmodelle zur Planung von Strategien in der Bekämpfung von Wildtiererkrankungen. Forum Geoökol., 14: 20–22

  • [7] Hegglin, D., Ward, P. I., Deplazes, P. (2003): Anthelmintic baiting of foxes against urban contamination with Echinococcus multilocularis. Emerg. Infect. Dis., 9: 1266–1272 [CrossRef] [PubMed]

  • [8] Ito, A., Romig, T., Takahashi, K. (2003): Perspective on control options for Echinococcus multilocularis with particular reference to Japan. Parasitology, 127: S159–S172 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182003003718 [CrossRef]

  • [9] Jenkins, D. J., Romig, T., Thompson, R. C. A. (2005): Emergence/ re-emergence of Echinococcus spp. — a global update. Int. J. Parasitol., 35: 1205–1219 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2005.07.014 [CrossRef]

  • [10] Loos-Frank, B. (1991): One or two intermediate hosts in the life cycle of Mesocestoides (Cyclophyllidea, Mesocestoididae)? Paraitol. Res., 77: 726–728 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00928692 [CrossRef]

  • [11] Pawlowski, Z. S., Eckert, J., Vuitton, D. A., Ammann, R. W., Kern, P. et al. (2001): Echinococcosis in humans: clinical aspects, diagnosis and treatment. In Eckert, J., Gemmell, M. A., Meslin, F. X., Pawlowsi, Z. S. (Eds.): WHO/OIE manual of echinococcosis in humans and animals: a public health problem of global concern. World Organisation for Animal Health, Paris, pp. 20–71

  • [12] Romig, T., Kratzer, W., Kimmig P., Frosch, M., Gaus, W., Flegel, W. A., Gottstein, B., Lucius, R., Beckh, K., Kern, P. (1999a): An epidemiologic survey of human alveolar echinococcosis in southwestern Germany. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 61: 566–573

  • [13] Romig, T., Bilger, B., Dinkel, A., Merli, M., Mackenstedt, U. (1999b): Echinococcus multilocularis in animal hosts: new data from western Europe. Helminthologia, 36: 185–191

  • [14] Schelling, U., Frank, W., Will, R., Romig, T., Lucius, R. (1997): Chemotherapy with praziquantel has the potential to reduce the prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in wild foxes (Vulpes vulpes). Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol., 91: 179–186

  • [15] Schweiger, A., Ammann, R. W., Candinas, D., Clavien, P.-A., Eckert, J., Gottstein, B., Halkic, N., Muellhaupt, B., Prinz, B. M., Reichen, J., Tarr, P. E., Torgerson, P. R., Deplazes, P. (2007): Human alveolar echinococcosis after Fox Population Increase, Switzerland. Emerg. Infect. Dis. (Epub ahead of print) [CrossRef]

  • [16] Tackmann, K., Löschner, U., Mix, H., Staubach, C., Thulke, H.-H., Ziller, M., Conraths F. J. (2001): A field study to control Echinococcus multilocularis-infections of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in an endemic focus. Epidemiology and Infection, 127: 577–587 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268801006112 [CrossRef]

  • [17] Thoma, D., Romig, T., Heinel, S., Janko, C., Schreiber, T., König, A., Dinkel, A., Mackenstedt, U. (2004): Small towns in Germany: Echinococcus multilocularis and fox biology. Int. Arch. Hydatidosis, 35: 136

  • [18] Veit, P., Bilger, B., Schad, V., Schäffer, J., Frank, W., Lucius, R. (1995): Influence of environmental factors on the infectivity of Echinococcus multilocularis eggs. Parasitology, 110: 79–86 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182000081075 [CrossRef]

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Andreas König and Thomas Romig
Wildlife Biology, 2010, Volume 16, Number 3, Page 258
[2]
T. Romig
Veterinary Research Communications, 2009, Volume 33, Number S1, Page 31
[3]
Ayaka Ishida, Kenichi Takahashi, Kohji Uraguchi, and Tatsuo Oshida
Mammal Study, 2014, Volume 39, Number 3, Page 167
[4]
Takako Ikeda, Masashi Yoshimura, Keiichi Onoyama, Yuzaburo Oku, Nariaki Nonaka, and Ken Katakura
Parasites & Vectors, 2014, Volume 7, Number 1, Page 357
[5]
Kenichi Takahashi, Kohji Uraguchi, Hideki Hatakeyama, Patrick Giraudoux, and Thomas Romig
Veterinary Parasitology, 2013, Volume 198, Number 1-2, Page 122
[6]
S. Comte, V. Raton, F. Raoul, D. Hegglin, P. Giraudoux, P. Deplazes, S. Favier, D. Gottschek, G. Umhang, F. Boué, and B. Combes
Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2013, Volume 111, Number 1-2, Page 147
[7]
Mayumi Takyu, Kenichi Takahashi, Kohji Uraguchi, and Tatsuo Oshida
Mammal Study, 2013, Volume 38, Number 1, Page 57
[8]
Daniel Hegglin and Peter Deplazes
International Journal for Parasitology, 2013, Volume 43, Number 5, Page 327
[9]
Daniel Hegglin and Peter Deplazes
Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2008, Volume 14, Number 10, Page 1626
[10]
Rebecca K. Davidson, Thomas Romig, Emily Jenkins, Morten Tryland, and Lucy J. Robertson
Trends in Parasitology, 2012, Volume 28, Number 6, Page 239
[11]
D. Antolová and K. Reiterová
Helminthologia, 2011, Volume 48, Number 4
[12]
Christof Janko, Stefan Linke, Thomas Romig, Dorothea Thoma, Wolfgang Schröder, and Andreas König
European Journal of Wildlife Research, 2011, Volume 57, Number 5, Page 1033
[13]
Naoto Kato, Koji Kotani, Seiya Ueno, and Hiroyuki Matsuda
Journal of Theoretical Biology, 2010, Volume 267, Number 3, Page 265
[14]
Paul R. Torgerson and Peter Deplazes
Trends in Parasitology, 2009, Volume 25, Number 4, Page 164
[15]
Christian Gortázar, Ezio Ferroglio, Catherine E. Lutton, and Pelayo Acevedo
Wildlife Research, 2010, Volume 37, Number 8, Page 668
[16]
P. Dubinský, Z. Vasilková, Z. Hurníková, M. Miterpáková, J. Slamečka, and R. Jurčík
Helminthologia, 2010, Volume 47, Number 4
[17]
Emília Dvorožňáková, Jarmila Porubcová, and Zuzana Ševčíková
Parasitology Research, 2009, Volume 105, Number 4, Page 1067

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.