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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Berry, Richard / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gellerstedt, Göran / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Heitner, Cyril / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Kleen, Marjatta / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Pizzi, Antonio / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Viikari, Liisa / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

9 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2013: 2.339
Rank 2 out of 21 in category Materials Science, Paper & Wood and rank 8 out of 64 in category Forestry and in the 2013 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.880
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 1.136



Biobleaching of Pulp with Dioxygen in the Laccase-Mediator System. Part 1. Kinetics of Delignification

Mikhail Balakshin / Chen-Loung Chen / Josef S. Gratzl / Adrianna G. Kirkman / Harald Jakob

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 54, Issue 4, Pages 390–396, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: 10.1515/HF.2000.066, June 2005

Publication History

Published Online:


Kinetics of pine kraft-AQ pulp delignification with the laccase-mediator system (LMS) and the effects of variable factors on the delignification were studied. The delignification was conducted in acetate buffer solution at pH 4.5 and at 40°C under atmospheric pressure. Only a part of the residual lignin could be removed in one-stage processes. Kinetics of kappa number reduction follows a pseudo-second order rate law with pulp consistency of 10 %, mediator charge of 0.1 mmole HOBT/g pulp and laccase charage of 10 U Coriolus laccase/g pulp. Kinetics of dioxygen uptake follows a pseudo-first order rate law up to first 8 hours of the reaction and a pseudo-zero order rate law at the reaction time of 8–24 hours. The amounts of dioxygen consumed per removal of one C9-unit equivalent of residual lignin is rather high, 1.5–2.5 mole, and increases with increasing reaction time. Experimental data show that side reactions between the Laccase-Mediator System and products of oxidative degradation of lignin strongly inhibit the delignification either by chemical or physical means or both. Removal of the degraded lignin fragments by alkaline extraction effectively restores the delignification of pulp with LMS. A four-stage process consisting of consecutive treatment of pulp with dioxygen-laccase-HOBT (LMS) followed by alkaline extraction (E), (LMS-E)4, decreased kappa number of a pine kraft-AQ pulp from 21.8 to less than 5. On the basis of the kinetic data, the mechanism of the pulp delignification with LMS is discussed.

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