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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Berry, Richard / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gellerstedt, Göran / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Heitner, Cyril / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Kleen, Marjatta / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Pizzi, Antonio / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Schwanninger, Manfred / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Viikari, Liisa / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Directional Characteristics of Near Infrared Light Reflected from Wood

Satoru Tsuchikawa / Misato Torii / Shigeaki Tsutsumi

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 55, Issue 5, Pages 534–540, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: 10.1515/HF.2001.086, June 2005

Publication History:
Published Online:


A near infrared auto-goniophotometer was designed to acquire detailed information on optical characteristics of a biological material which had a cellular structure, such as wood. The reflected light, which originated from the irradiation of polarized near infrared light, was separated into an unpolarized and a polarized component by using two polarizing filters. The standardized reflected intensities of each component at various incident angles θ and observation angles η, ρup(θ, η) and ρp(θ, η), were measured. Sitka spruce samples with various thicknesses were used. The measurements showed that the directional characteristics of the unpolarized component were affected significantly by the irradiation conditions and the sample thickness. Particularly, these varied with the wavelength of incident light λ. This shows that the directional characteristics models we proposed previously are reasonable. On the other hand, matrices of the directional characteristics for polarized components typically show an elliptical shape which is strongly affected by incident angle and only slightly by λ. Based on these results, the effects of sample thickness on the spectral directional characteristics were determined.

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