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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Berry, Richard / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gellerstedt, Göran / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Heitner, Cyril / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Kleen, Marjatta / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Pizzi, Antonio / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Viikari, Liisa / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

9 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2013: 2.339
Rank 2 out of 21 in category Materials Science, Paper & Wood and rank 8 out of 64 in category Forestry and in the 2013 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.880
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 1.136



Microwave-enhanced release of formaldehyde from plywood

Yukie Saito1 / Kousuke Nakano2 / Satoshi Shida3 / Tomoaki Soma4 / Takanori Arima5






Corresponding author. Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan. Fax: +81-3-5684-0299, E-mail:

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 58, Issue 5, Pages 548–551, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: 10.1515/HF.2004.083, June 2005

Publication History

November 17, 2003
Published Online:


The release of formaldehyde from plywood has been greatly reduced by treatment with microwave radiation. Formaldehyde emission in the air was measured before, during, and after 2.45-GHz microwave treatment. The concentration of formaldehyde released increased with microwave irradiation and, after the microwave treatment, decreased to a level below that of nontreated material. Microwaves were effective in releasing free formaldehyde from the plywood, which is preferable to it being emitted as “potential formaldehyde” via hydrolysis. Microwaves released formaldehyde from plywood samples more effectively compared to samples subjected to thermal energy from external heating. This suggests that microwaves directly activate free formaldehyde molecules, which have a polarity that is susceptible to microwaves. Microwave treatment is expected to be an effective way to reduce free formaldehyde emissions from wood-based materials containing resins.

Keywords: formaldehyde; microwave; plywood

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