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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Berry, Richard / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gellerstedt, Göran / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Heitner, Cyril / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Kleen, Marjatta / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Pizzi, Antonio / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Schwanninger, Manfred / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Viikari, Liisa / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Rank 8 out of 64 in category Forestry and 2 out of 21 in category Materials Science, Paper & Wood in the 2013 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition



Decomposition of a phenolic lignin model compound over organic N-bases in an ionic liquid

Songyan Jia1, 2 / Blair J. Cox2 / Xinwen Guo1 / Z. Conrad Zhang3 / John G. Ekerdt2

1State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning, PR China

2Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

3KiOR Inc., Houston, TX 77573, USA

Corresponding author. Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA Fax: +1-512-471-7060

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 64, Issue 5, Pages 577–580, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: 10.1515/hf.2010.075, June 2010

Publication History

Published Online:


Lignin depolymerization is a necessary process step in utilizing the carbohydrates in biomass and in potentially converting the lignin into a chemical feedstock. Lignin contains several aryl-alkyl ether linkages and the β-O-4 linkage is dominant among lignins. Base-mediated cleavage of the β-O-4 bond in a lignin model compound, guaiacylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether, is reported. Ionic liquids have shown promise in a variety of biomass processes and this study explores the potential to use an ionic liquid solvent (1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium chloride) and non-aqueous bases in cleaving the β-O-4 bond. N-bases of varying basicity and structure were used at temperatures up to 150°C. The cleavage reaction was not found to be catalytic. Among all the tested N-bases, 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]dec-5-ene was the most active, leading to more than 40% β-O-4 ether bond cleavage, and the higher activity is probably associated with the exposed nature of the N-atoms.

Keywords: β-O-4 bond; ionic liquid; lignin model compound; N-base; TBD

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