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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Berry, Richard / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gellerstedt, Göran / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Heitner, Cyril / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Kleen, Marjatta / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Pizzi, Antonio / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Schwanninger, Manfred / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Viikari, Liisa / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Rank 8 out of 64 in category Forestry and 2 out of 21 in category Materials Science, Paper & Wood in the 2013 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition



A single cell model for pretreatment of wood by microwave explosion

Xianjun Li1 / Yongdong Zhou2 / Yonglin Yan1 / Zhiyong Cai3 / Fu Feng2

1Material Science and Engineering School of Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, Hunan, PR China

2Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Haidian District, Beijing, PR China

3USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI, USA

Corresponding author. USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, One Gifford Pinchot Drive, Madison, WI 53726-2398, USA

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 64, Issue 5, Pages 633–637, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: 10.1515/hf.2010.095, July 2010

Publication History

Published Online:


A theoretical model was developed to better understand the process of microwave explosion treatment of wood cells. The cell expansion and critical conditions concerning pressure and temperature of ray parenchyma cells in Eucalyptus urophylla were simulated during microwave pretreatment. The results indicate that longitudinal and circumferential stresses were generated in the cell walls owing to the internal steam pressure during extensive microwave treatment. The circumferential stress is twice as high as the longitudinal stress. The pressure difference reaches its maximum value of 0.84 MPa when the extension ratio is 1.20 for the longitudinal direction and 1.62 for the circumferential direction. The maximum pressure difference at the theoretical yielding point is the critical pressure difference that can eventually rupture the ray cell. The critical pressure difference decreases with increasing cell radius and decreasing shear modulus in the cell wall. This simulated result provides useful information to modify wood at the level of ray parenchyma cells.

Keywords: microwave explosion; pretreatment; single cell model; wood

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