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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

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Physical properties of simul (red-silk cotton) wood (Bombax ceiba L.) chemically modified with styrene acrylonitrile co-polymer and nanoclay

Rashmi Rekha Devi1 / Manabendra Mandal2 / 1

1Department of Chemical Sciences, Tezpur University, Napaam, India

2Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tezpur University, Napaam, India

Corresponding author. Department of Chemical Sciences, Tezpur University, Napaam, Assam 784028, India Phone: +91-267007 Fax: +91-267005

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 66, Issue 3, Pages 365–371, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: 10.1515/hf.2011.164, November 2011

Publication History

Published Online:


Wood plastic composites have been prepared based on simul wood (Bombax ceiba L.), which was vacuum impregnated with the styrene acrylonitrile (SAN) co-polymer nanoclay (nnc) intercalating system in the presence of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), a crosslinking agent. The impact of nanoclay was investigated on the mechanical, thermal, dynamic mechanical behavior, and the biodegradability of the resultant wood polymer nanocomposite (WPCnnc) was investigated. The tensile strength, tensile modulus, flexural strength, and flexural modulus of the composite were relatively higher in the presence of 2 phr nanoclay. The limiting oxygen index values showed self-extinguishing behavior of the WPCnnc. Furthermore, the storage moduli (E′) and damping index (tan δ) of these products were high. WPCSAN/GMA/nnc exhibit higher biodegradability compared to WPCSAN/GMA.

Keywords: biodegradation; combustion; limiting oxygen index (LOI); mechanical properties; scanning electron microscopy (SEM); simul wood; wood polymer nano\xadcomposite (WPC); WPC in presence of nanoclay

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