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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board Member: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W / Furniss, Tilman / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie

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Cyberbullying and adolescent mental health

1 / Reiko Asaga1 / Andre Sourander2 / Christina W. Hoven1, 3 / Donald Mandell1

1Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Columbia University-New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, 10032 NY, USA

2Department of Child Psychiatry, Turku University and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland

3Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Corresponding author: Keita Suzuki, BA, Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Columbia University-New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 43, New York, NY 10032, USA

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health. Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 27–35, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: 10.1515/ijamh.2012.005, November 2011

Publication History

Received:
2011-06-03
Revised:
2011-08-28
Accepted:
2011-09-05
Published Online:
2011-11-29

Abstract

The rapid growth of electronic and computer-based communication and information sharing during the past decade has dramatically changed social interactions, especially among teenagers. Cyberbullying has emerged as a new form of bullying and harassment, and it has been shown to possess different ramifications from traditional schoolyard bullying. This problem has emerged in nations worldwide. Cybervictims have reported various emotional and behavioral symptoms, along with school-related problems. This paper reviews international cross-sectional studies relating to the definition, prevalence, age, and gender differences inherent in cyberbullying. Psychosocial and risk factors associated with cyberbullying are also addressed. Prevention and intervention strategies for school officials and parents are suggested. Healthcare providers, policy makers, and families must be ever-mindful of the grave dangers cyberbullying poses to youths. Longitudinal studies are warranted to assess the psychological risk factors of cyberbullying.

Keywords: bullying; cyberbullying; prevention; risk factors

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