International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav
Editorial Board Member: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Furniss, Tilman / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie
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Bullying and gangs
1School of Sociology and Social Work, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health. Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 57–62, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: 10.1515/ijamh.2012.008, November 2011
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Background: Although bullying is associated with gangs, questions arise as to whether bullying, as such, takes place within gangs.
Objective: To provide a critical analysis of bullying as this pertains to youth gangs and especially to violence within gangs, and as applied to the behaviour of individual gang members.
Study group: Young men between 12 and 25 years of age.
Methods: Review of relevant literature with a view to theorising the nature of the relationship between bullying and violence within a youth gang context.
Results: Bullying is associated with the reasons why individuals join gangs and with gang-related behaviour, but the violence within a gang is of a different character than that usually described by the term bullying.
Conclusion: Bullying has implications for related and/or subsequent types of street violence, but is less relevant for descriptions of violence within a youth gang context as such.