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Geometry Effects in Eulerian/Granular Simulation of a Turbulent FCC Riser with a (kg-?g)-KTGF Model
1Amirkabir University of Technology, firstname.lastname@example.org
2Amirkabir University of Technology, email@example.com
3Sharif University of Technology, firstname.lastname@example.org
Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering. Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages –, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: 10.2202/1542-6580.2098, February 2010
- Published Online:
Three-dimensional, transient turbulent particulate flow in an FCC riser is modeled using an Eulerian/Granular approach. The turbulence in the gas phase is described by a modified realizable (kg-?g) closure model and the kinetic theory of granular flow (KTGF) is employed for the particulate phase. Separate simulations are conducted for a rectangular and a cylindrical riser with similar dimensions. The model predictions are validated against experimental data of Sommerfeld et al (2002) and also compared with the previously reported LES-KTGF simulations of Hansen et al (2003) for the rectangular riser. The (kg-?g)-KTGF model does not perform as well as the LES-KTGF model for the riser with a rectangular cross section. This is because, unlike the more elaborate LES-KTGF model, the simpler (kg-?g)-KTGF model cannot capture the large scale secondary circulations induced by anisotropic turbulence at the corners of the rectangular riser. In the cylindrical geometry, however, the (kg-?g)-KTGF model gives good prediction of the data and is a viable alternative to the more complex LES-KTGF model. This is not surprising as the circulations in the riser with a circular cross section are due to the curvature of the walls and not due to the presence of sharp corners.