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International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship

Ed. by Andrusyszyn, Mary-Anne / Cragg, Catherine Elizabeth / Goldenberg, Dolly / Iwasiw, Carroll Louise / Maltby, Hendrika J.

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Career Intentions of Nursing Students and New Nurse Graduates: A Review of the Literature

Laureen J Hayes1 / Carole A Orchard2 / Linda McGillis Hall3 / Vera Nincic4 / Linda O'Brien-Pallas5 / Gavin Andrews6

1University of Toronto,

2University of Western Ontario,

3University of Toronto,

4University of Toronto,

5University of Toronto,

6McMaster University,

Citation Information: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship. Volume 3, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1548-923X, DOI: 10.2202/1548-923X.1281, October 2006

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This paper highlights findings from a literature search to examine the role of nursing education in preparing nurses to meet healthcare demands. The review focused on nursing students’ perceptions of nursing and whether these views change during their nursing studies and impact workplace preferences. Nursing students often enter their program with preconceived ideas of where they want to work following graduation. Large urban hospitals were favored over community care because of the perceived opportunities for support. Of particular importance were the negative views relating to care of elderly patients. Unless attitudes are changed during their nursing studies, they may affect initial job selection. Implications for nursing education include provision of educational experiences that foster an optimistic career outlook in areas where there is a growing need for nursing services. More research is needed to determine how to enable appropriate learning experiences when there are limited resources and practice placements.

Keywords: nursing education; career intentions; new nurse graduates; student to nurse transition

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