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International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship

Ed. by Andrusyszyn, Mary-Anne / Cragg, Catherine Elizabeth / Goldenberg, Dolly / Maltby, Hendrika J.

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SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 0.363
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 0.937
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2014: 0.816

Bologna Process, More or Less: Nursing Education in the European Economic Area: A Discussion Paper

1Associate Professor in Nursing Science, University of Udine, Viale Ungheria 20, 33100 Udine, Italy

2Director of Nursing at Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Spain

3Professor, Dean of School of Health Sciences, University of Akureyri, Iceland

4Lecturer in Nursing, Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland

5Teacher (adjunct), Medical University of Lublin, Faculty of Nursing and Health Science, Chair of Nursing Development, Lublin, Poland

6Lecturer in Nursing, High School of Health Sciences, University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Fribourg, Switzerland

7Associate Professor, Dean, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Maribor, Slovenia

8Principal Research Fellow, Faculty of Health, Life and Social Sciences, University of Lincoln, UK

Citation Information: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship. Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 63–73, ISSN (Online) 1548-923X, ISSN (Print) 2194-5772, DOI: 10.1515/ijnes-2013-0022, April 2014

Publication History

Published Online:


The Bologna Declaration and the subsequent processes is the single most important reform of higher education taking place in Europe in the last 30 years. Signed in 1999, it includes 46 European Union countries and aimed to create, a more coherent, compatible, comparable and competitive European Higher Education Area. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the Bologna Declaration achievements in nursing education at 2010 within eight countries that first signed the Declaration on 1999. Researchers primarily identified national laws, policy statements, guidelines and grey literature; then, a literature review on Bologna Declaration implementation in nursing was conducted on the Medline and CINAHL databases. Critical analyses of these documents were performed by expert nurse educators. Structural, organizational, functional and cultural obstacles are hindering full Bologna Process implementation in nursing education within European Economic Area. A call for action is offered in order to achieve a functionally unified system within nursing.

Keywords: Bologna Declaration; nurse education; European Union; European Economic Area; Nursing

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