Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Journal of Applied Biomedicine

The Journal of University of South Bohemia

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2012: 0.978

Open Access
VolumeIssuePage

Open Access

Incidental poisoning of animals by carbamates in the Czech Republic

Ladislav Novotný1 / Jan Misík1 / Alena Honzlová1 / Petr Ondráček1 / Kamil Kuča1, / Oldřich Vávra1 / Václav Rachač1 / Petr Chloupek1

Center of Advanced Studies1

Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Military Health Sciences, University of Defence, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic2

University Hospital, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic3

State Veterinary Institute, Jihlava, Czech Republic4

Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic5

State Veterinary Administration of the Czech Republic, České Budějovice, Czech Republic6

This content is open access.
(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Citation Information: Journal of Applied Biomedicine. Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 157–161, ISSN (Online) 1214-0287, ISSN (Print) 1214-021X, DOI: 10.2478/v10136-009-0035-3, June 2011

Publication History:
Published Online:
2011-06-21

Incidental poisoning of animals by carbamates in the Czech Republic

Illegal poisoning of wildlife and domestic animals is a worldwide issue. The carbamates primarily used as pesticides are often misused for such a purpose. In this study, 181 birds, mammals and baits were analysed over the period 2004-09 for possible intoxication by carbamates. Intoxication by carbamate carbofuran was diagnosed in 89 cases, and in another 19 cases (nine Wild Boars and 10 Bisons) intoxication with another carbamate - methomyl - was proven. Incidental ingestion of the marten bait was the main cause of intoxication. Although the distribution of carbofuran was prohibited in 2007, no decline in the number of intoxicated animals in the following two years was detected. New cases of intoxication by carbofuran are anticipated in the future until all remaining stock is expended.

Keywords: pesticide poisoning; organophosphorous inhibitors; forensic medicine; acetylcholinesterase

  • Balcom R. Secondary poisoning of red-shouldered hawks with carbofuran. J Wildl Manage. 47: 1129-1132, 1983.

  • Berny P. Pesticides and the intoxication of wild animals. J Vet Pharmacol Ther. 30: 93-100, 2007.[Web of Science] [CrossRef] [PubMed]

  • Berny P, Gaillet JR. Acute poisoning of Red Kites (Milvus milvus) in France: Data from the SAGIR network. J Wildl Dis. 44: 417-426, 2008.

  • Blakley BR, Skelley KW. Brain cholinesterase activity in animals and birds. Vet Hum Toxicol. 30: 329-331, 1988.[PubMed]

  • Dietrich DR, Schmid P, Zweifel U, Schlatter C, Jenni-Eiermann S, Bachmann H, Bühler U, Zbinden N. Mortality of birds of prey following field application of granular carbofuran - a Case-study. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 29: 140-145, 1995.[CrossRef]

  • Elliot JE, Langelier KM, Mineau P, Wilson LK. Poisoning of bald eagles and red-tailed hawks by carbofuran and fensulfothion in the Fraser Delta of British Columbia, Canada. J Wildl Dis. 32: 486-491, 1996.

  • Hill EF. Divergent effects of postmortem ambient temperature on organophosphorus- and carbamate-inhibited brain cholinesterase activity in birds. Pestic Biochem Physiol. 33: 264-275, 1989.[CrossRef]

  • Hill EF. Organophosphorous and carbamate pesticides. In Hoffman DJ, Rattner BA, Burton GH, Jr., Cairns J, Jr. (eds.): Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Lewis publ., Florida 1995, pp. 243-274.

  • Hornfeldt CS, Murphy MJ. Poisonings of animals: the 1993-1994 report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers. Vet Hum Toxicol. 39: 361-365, 1997.

  • Jayaratnam J. Pesticide poisoning as a global health problem. World Health Stat Q. 43: 139-144, 1990.

  • Lee YW, Westcott ND. Direct analysis of carbofuran and its carbamate metabolites in rapeseed plants by nitrogen-phosphorus detector gas chromatography. J Agric Food Chem. 31: 92-96, 1983.[CrossRef] [PubMed]

  • Mineau P, Fletcher MR, Glazer LC, Thomas NJ, Brassard C, Wilson LK, Elliot JE, Lyon LA, Henny CJ, Bollinge T, Porter SL. Poisoning of raptors with organophosphorous pesticides with emphasis on Canada, US, and UK. J Raptor Res. 33: 1-37, 1999.

  • Novotný L, Honzlová A, Ondráček P, Vávra O, Rachač V, Chloupek P. Intoxication of animals with carbofuran (in Czech). Veterinářství 53: 551-554, 2003.

  • O'Malley M. Clinical evaluation of pesticide exposure and poisonings. Lancet. 349: 1161-1166, 1997.

  • Reece RL, Handson P. Observations on the accidental poisoning of birds by organo-phosphate insecticides and other toxic substances. Vet Rec. 111: 453-455, 1982.[CrossRef]

  • Roberston ID, Leggoe M, Dorling PR, Shaw SE, Clark WT. A retrospective study of poisoning cases in dogs and cats: comparisons between a rural and an urban practice. Aust Vet J. 69: 194-195, 1992.

  • Wang Y, Kruzik P, Helsberg A, Helsberg I, Rausch WD. Pesticide poisoning in domestic animals and livestock in Austria: a 6 years retrospective study. Forensic Sci Int. 169: 157-160, 2007.[CrossRef] [Web of Science]

  • Wobeser G, Bollinger T, Leighton FA, Blakley B, Mineau P. Secondary poisoning of eagles following intentional poisoning of coyotes with anticholinesterase pesticides in western Canada. J Wildl Dis. 40: 163-172, 2004.

  • Worek F, Mast U, Kiderlen D, Diepold C, Eyer P. Improved determination of acetylcholinesterase activity in human whole blood. Clin Chim Acta. 288: 73-90, 1999.

  • Xavier FG, Kogika MM, Spinoa HS. Common causes of poisoning in dogs and cats in a Brazilian veterinary hospital 1998 to 2000. Vet Hum Toxicol. 44: 115-116, 2002.

  • Zdarova Karasova J, Kassa J, Musilek K, Pohanka M, Novotny L, Kuca K. Effect of seven newly synthesized and currently available oxime cholinesterase reactivators on cyclosarin-intoxicated rats. Int J Mol Sci. 10: 3065-3075, 2009.[Web of Science] [CrossRef]

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.