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Journal of Applied Biomedicine

The Journal of University of South Bohemia

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Incidental poisoning of animals by carbamates in the Czech Republic

Ladislav Novotný1 / Jan Misík1 / Alena Honzlová1 / Petr Ondráček1 / Kamil Kuča1, / Oldřich Vávra1 / Václav Rachač1 / Petr Chloupek1

Center of Advanced Studies1

Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Military Health Sciences, University of Defence, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic2

University Hospital, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic3

State Veterinary Institute, Jihlava, Czech Republic4

Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic5

State Veterinary Administration of the Czech Republic, České Budějovice, Czech Republic6

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Journal of Applied Biomedicine. Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 157–161, ISSN (Online) 1214-0287, ISSN (Print) 1214-021X, DOI: 10.2478/v10136-009-0035-3, June 2011

Publication History

Published Online:

Incidental poisoning of animals by carbamates in the Czech Republic

Illegal poisoning of wildlife and domestic animals is a worldwide issue. The carbamates primarily used as pesticides are often misused for such a purpose. In this study, 181 birds, mammals and baits were analysed over the period 2004-09 for possible intoxication by carbamates. Intoxication by carbamate carbofuran was diagnosed in 89 cases, and in another 19 cases (nine Wild Boars and 10 Bisons) intoxication with another carbamate - methomyl - was proven. Incidental ingestion of the marten bait was the main cause of intoxication. Although the distribution of carbofuran was prohibited in 2007, no decline in the number of intoxicated animals in the following two years was detected. New cases of intoxication by carbofuran are anticipated in the future until all remaining stock is expended.

Keywords: pesticide poisoning; organophosphorous inhibitors; forensic medicine; acetylcholinesterase

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