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Ko, Robert / Leung, Kelvin Sze-Yin / Tamayo, Carmen / Zhang, Zhang-Jin

Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Lui, Edmund

4 Issues per year

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Cardiovascular and Anti-Platelet Aggregation Activities of Extracts from Solanum torvum (Solanaceae) Fruits in Rat

Télesphore Benoît Nguelefack1 / Hassane Mekhfi2 / Théophile Dimo3 / Saida Afkir4 / Elvine Pami Nguelefack-Mbuyo5 / Abdelkaleq Legssyer6 / Abderrahim Ziyyat7

1University of Dschang, Faculty of Science, BP 67 Dschang, Cameroon

2University Mohamed I, Faculty of Science, Oujda- Morocco

3University of Yaounde I, Faculty of Science Bp 812, Yaounde-Cameroon

4Univesity Mohamed I, Faculty of Science, Oujda-Morocco

5University of Yaounde I, Faculty of science, Yaounde-Cameroon

6University Mohamed I, Faculty of Science, Oujda-Morocco

7University Mohamed I, Faculty of Science, Oujda-Morocco

Citation Information: Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine. Volume 5, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1553-3840, DOI: 10.2202/1553-3840.1105, May 2008

Publication History:
Published Online:
2008-05-20

The present work evaluates the cardiovascular activity of the aqueous (AES) and methanol (MES) extracts from S. torvum fruits. The anti-platelet aggregation activity of the AES was also evaluated on platelets isolated from rats. Intravenous administration of AES and MES induced a significant reduction in arterial blood pressure. The intravenous administration of AES at the doses of 1 and 2 mg/kg did not affect the heart rate. In contrast to AES, MES reduced the heart rate at all the doses (1, 2 and 5 mg/kg). Neither atropine (1 mg/kg) nor yohimbine (1 mg/kg) significantly affects the hypotensive activity of AES. Yohimbine almost completely inhibited the cardiac effect of AES. L-NAME (20 mg/kg) significantly potentiated the hypotensive and the cardiac effects of AES. When essayed on the platelet aggregation, induced by either thrombin (0.5 U/ml) or Adenosine diphosphate (5 µM), AES significantly and dose dependently inhibited the aggregation induced by both agents. MES and AES possess hypotensive activity which may partially result from their bradycardic effect. The anti-platelet aggregation effect of AES may be a benefit for its cardiovascular effect. These results support the use of the plant in the treatment of arterial hypertension and haemostatic ailments.

Keywords: Solanum torvum; fruits; aqueous and methanol extracts; cardiovascular; anti-platelet aggregation

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