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Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak

Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel, Ph.D.

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2013: 0.272
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.489

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.125
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 0.145


A Framework for Sustainable Port Security

John R. Harrald1 / Hugh W. Stephens2 / Johann Rene vanDorp3

1The George Washington University



Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. Volume 1, Issue 2, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, DOI: 10.2202/1547-7355.1029, January 2004

Publication History

Published Online:

As the United States attempts to improve the security of the homeland, the thousands of vessels, millions of containers, and millions of passengers entering the country each year have been identified as major sources of vulnerability. Ports are the primary connection between the U.S. and the world economy. Any interventions that increase the security of ports must not only be effective, they must be economically sustainable. This paper is based on the premise that a port is best analyzed as a complex system consisting of a set of loosely coupled economic systems. The evolution of these systems has been driven by economic efficiency, and as ships and facilities became more unique in their design, they became functionally and physically segregated from each other. The paper demonstrates that by using a risk management approach sets of potentially effective security interventions that intervene at all points in the event chain can be identified. These interventions can then be evaluated for both effectiveness and economic impact. If security interventions cause serious harm to the systems they serve, the terrorists will have achieved one of their primary objectives.

Keywords: port security; risk management; terrorism

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