Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak

Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel, Ph.D.

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2014: 0.406
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.481

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 0.217
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 0.429
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2014: 0.333


Evaluating the Societal Response to Antiterrorism Measures

Kevin R Grosskopf1

1University of Florida

Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. Volume 3, Issue 2, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, DOI: 10.2202/1547-7355.1170, June 2006

Publication History

Published Online:

Emergency managers, urban planners and building designers have embraced antiterrorism measures to create a human environment that is difficult to attack, resilient to the consequences of terrorist attack, and protective of its populations and assets. However, quick to adopt a "guns, guards and gates" posture following 911, it has become apparent that many antiterrorism measures may actually intensify and reinforce public perceptions of vulnerability and fear. Two studies conducted by the University of Florida in 2004-05 evaluated public perceptions of security measures within the contexts of traditional crime and terrorism. When presented with images of interior and exterior building spaces, respondents felt 3-6 times less vulnerable to theft, battery and sexual assault in areas having a visible security presence. Only a minority of respondents considered areas with a highly visible security presence to be unfriendly (6%), uninviting (12%) or uncomfortable (13%). In the context of terrorism however, respondents viewed many of the same visible security measures with suspiciousness, tenseness and fear. Such responses may be caused by a comparative lack of understanding of the nature and predictability of terrorism and a reluctance to accept measures that serve to reinforce feelings of vulnerability or danger.

Keywords: antiterrorism; environmental design; prevention; security; safety; public perception; symbolism; fear; anxiety; mental health

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Mark G. Stewart and John Mueller
Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, 2014, Volume 9, Number 2, Page 98
Alexandros Paraskevas
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 2013, Volume 25, Number 1, Page 140
Mark G. Stewart and John Mueller
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2013, Volume 32, Number 3, Page 615
John Mueller
Policy Studies Journal, 2010, Volume 38, Number 1, Page 1
J. Coaffee and P. O’Hare
Proceedings of the ICE - Urban Design and Planning, 2008, Volume 161, Number 4, Page 173

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.